Goddess Sarasvati  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Sarasvati Image
SARASVATI is the Hindu Goddess of rivers and knowledge. Her name means "the one who flows", and she is the consort of Brahma. Sarasvati is usually depicted sitting on a white lotus, symbolizing truth and purity. She has four arms, and she holds in her hands a book (symbolic of written knowledge and her mastery of science and learning), a string of crystals or prayer beads (symbolic of spiritual knowledge), a pot of water (symbolic of creativity and purification), and a musical instrument called a veena (symbolic of knowledge of the fine arts).

Sarasvati rules over a great number of spheres: rivers, fertility, wealth, speech, writing, learning, poetry, music, science, mathematics, calendars, magic, creativity, beauty, and art. As such, she also has a great many alternate names and epithets, including:

QUEEN OF HEAVEN



MOTHER OF WATERS



THE FLOWING ONE


ARYA (noble one)

BAGISWARI



BAKDEVI



BHAMAYAI


BHARATYAI (eloquence)

BHOGA-DAYAI



BIRAJ



BRAMHA-GYNANAIKA-SADHANAYAI


BRAMHA-JAYAYAI

BRAMHA-VISHU-SIVATMI-KAYAI


BRAMHYAI (wife of Brahma)

CHAMUNDAYAI


CHANDI-KAYAI

CHANDRA-LEKHA-VIBHU-SHITAYAI


CHANDRI-KAYAI

CHATURANA-NASAMRAJYAI


CHATURVARGA-PHALA-PRADAYAI

Chitra-gamdhayai


Chitra-malya-vibhushitayai

Chitrambarayai


Devyai

Dhaneshvari (the divinity of wealth)

Dhumra-lochana-mardhinyai


Divya-lankara-bhushitayai

Divyamgayai


Dvibhu-jaayai

Gomatyai


Govimdayai

Gynanaika-tatparayai


Gynana-mudrayai

Hamsa-sanayai


Hamsa-vahini (she who has a swan as her vehicle)

Jati-layai


Jihvagravasini (dwelling in the front of the tongue)

JNANASHAKTI (the power of knowledge)

KALA-DHARAYAI


Kala-ratryai

Kalpanashakti (the power of forming ideas)

KAMADHENU (like the wish-fulfilling cow)

Kama-pradayai


Kama-rupayai

Kantayai


Kavijihvagravasini (she who dwells on the tongues of poets)

Maha-bagayai


Maha-bhadrayai

Maha-bhogayai


Maha-bhujayai

Mahakalyai


Maha-karayai

Maha-mayayai


Mahamkushayai

Maha-pashayai


Maha-pataka-nashinyai

Maha-phalayai


Maha-saraswatyai

Maha-shrayayai


Mahasweta

Maha-vani (the transcendent word)

MAHA-VIDYAYAI (holder of supreme knowledge)

Maho-tsahayai


Malinyai

Mantra-vidyayai


Munda-kambi-katai

Neela-jamghayai


Niranja-nayai

Padmakshmai


Padma-lochanayai

Padma-nilayayai


Padma-vaktri-kayai

Praharanayai


Prithudar

Pustaka-stayai


Rakta-beejani-hantrai

Rakta-madhyayai


Ramayai

Rupa-soubhagya-daeinyai


SAKTIRUPINI (whose form is power)

SARADA (giver of essence)

Sarbasukai


Sarswatyai

Sarva-devastu-tayai


Sarvatmi-kayai

Satarupa


Savitryai

Seetayai


Shastra-rupinyai

Shivanu-jayai


Shonapunya (one purified of blood)

Shubha-dayai


Shumbha-sura-pramadhinyai

Shweta-sanayai


Smirtishakti (the power of memory)

Soudaminyai


Soumyayai

Sree pradayai


Subha-drayai

Sudha-murtayai


Sura-puji-tayai

Surasayai


Sura-sura-namaskrutayai

Sura-vandi-tayai


Suvaa-sinyai

Suveenayai


Teevrayai

Traeimurtyai


Vagdevyai

Vagishvari (mistress of speech)

Vaishnavyai


Vani Dayyani (recipient of speech)

Varahyai


Vara-pradayai

Vara-rohayai


Varijaa-sanayai

Varnajanani (mother of letters)

VARNESVARI (Goddess of letters)

VASUDAYAI


VEENA VANDINI (veena player)

Vidya-rupayai


Vidyayai

Vidyunma-layai


Vimalayai

Vinapani (due to holding the Vina)

Vindhya-vasayai


Vindyayai

Vini-drayai (she who is always awake)

Vishalayai

Vishvayai



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