Goddess Varima Te Takere  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Varima Te Takere Image
VARIMA-TE-TAKERE is the Polynesian Goddess of the beginning, mother of the Gods and humans. In her home in the lowest levels of Avaiki, the underworld, she pulled the sky God Vatea from her right side. From her left side she pulled the earth goddess Papa, and together Vatea and Papa created the world. Varima-te-Takere's name means "the woman of the very beginning", and is also seen as VARIMA or VARI.

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Goddess Mnemosyne  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Mnemosyne Image
MEMORY WAS A VERY IMPORTANT FUNCTION TO THE ANCIENTS; IN FACT, IT WAS SO IMPORTANT THAT THEY PERSONIFIED IT AS A GODDESS. MNEMOSYNE WAS A TITAN; SHE WAS THE DAUGHTER OF URANUS (HEAVEN) AND GAIA.(EARTH) MNEMOSYNE WAS THE GUARDIAN OF MEMORY BEFORE THE ADVENT OF WRITING AND LITERACY. SHE WAS THE EMBODIMENT OF AN ORAL CULTURE THAT COMMUNICATED THE SOUL THROUGH THEIR STORIES AND METAPHORS. SHE BECAME KNOWN AS THE MOTHER OF INSPIRATION.

AT ONE TIME, SHE WAS CONSIDERED A VERY POWERFUL GODDESS, BUT, IRONICALLY, SHE HAS BEEN PRETTY MUCH "FORGOTTEN" DURING THE PASSAGE OF TIME. SHE WAS A BEAUTIFUL GODDESS WHO IS USUALLY DEPICTED WITH A FULL MANE OF RICH AUBURN HAIR. IN LATER MYTHS, IT IS TOLD THAT BEFORE HERA, THE GOD ZEUS, LONGING FOR A WAY TO PRESERVE THE MEMORY OF ALL OF HIS GREAT DEEDS, DRESSED HIMSELF AS A SHEPHERD AND CONSORTED WITH MNEMOSYNE. HE VISITED WITH HER FOR NINE NIGHTS BEFORE RETURNING TO HIS HOME ATOP MOUNT OLYMPUS. AND, WHEN TIME PASSED, MNEMOSYNE GAVE BIRTH TO NINE DAUGHTERS, THE 'MUSES', THE ONES WHO INSPIRE AND ENCHANT THE SOUL. AND ZEUS GAVE HER THE PRIVILEGE OF NAMING ALL OF THE THINGS OF THE EARTH.

MNEMOSYNE IS A METAPHOR FOR WHAT WE ARE HERE TO LEARN. AS SUCH, SHE IS THE GODDESS OF TEACHERS, PARENTS. THROUGH HER AND HER DAUGHTERS, WE ARE ABLE TO ENGAGE IN WEAVING OUR FRAGMENTS OF MEMORY TOGETHER TO MAKE MEANING. IN ORDER TO LEARN FROM OUR MISTAKES, WE HAVE TO KEEP THEM ALIVE, AND MNEMOSYNE HELPS US TO DO THAT. SHE REMINDS US TO REMEMBER THE ANCIENT WAYS BY CONNECTING THE PAST WITH THE PRESENT. NO SOCIETY CAN SURVIVE WITHOUT MEMORY.

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Aktzin  

Posted by Stella Clark

Aktzin Cover
Aktzin was the god of rain, thunder and lightning for the Totonac people in ancient Mexico. Variants of this deity were known as Tl'aloc to the Aztecs and Chaac to the Mayas. Aktzin was typically depicted as a male figure wearing some form of headdress and rings over his eyes, similar to spectacles. In one hand he held a hammer or axe which would produce thunder and lightning as it struck the clouds. Water poured from his other hand, either from his palm or from a vessel which he held. These elements represented the life-giving and sometimes destructive forces of the weather. The Spanish conquerors led by Hern'an Cort'es encountered this civilization in 1519 after their initial contact with the Mayas of the Yucat'an peninsula. The Totonac territories were located near the Gulf coast in what is today the state of Veracruz. See also Taj'in (City of the Thunder God), an archaeological zone with the remains of the Totonac capital city dating back over 1,000 years.

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Patecatll  

Posted by Stella Clark

Patecatll Cover
In Aztec mythology, Patecatl was a god of healing and fertility, and the discoverer of peyote. With Mayahuel, he was the father of the Centzon Totochtin. Patecatl is the Lord of the Land of Medicines, a god of healing and fertility. He is the husband of Mayahuel. With Mayahuel, he is the father of the Centzon Totochtin (Four Hundred Rabbits), the divine rabbits, and the gods of drunkenness. Like Mayahuel and the Centzon Totochtin, Patecatl himself is a god of pulque, the alcoholic beverage made from the maguey plant. Patecatl is the protector of the 12th day of the tonalpohuall, day Malinalli (grass).

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Descent Of The Goddess  

Posted by Stella Clark

Descent Of The Goddess Cover
Copyright 1993 Durwydd Mac Tara

(With special thanks to G. B. Gardner, Freydis Vasa, Julia Phillips, and Pyrocanthus Basileus)

In ancient times, our Lord, the Horned One, was (as he still is) the Controller, the Comforter. But men know him as the dread Lord of Shadows, lonely, stern, and just.

But our Lady the Goddess oft grieved deeply for the fate of her creations as they aged and died. She would solve all mysteries, even the mystery of death, and so journeyed to the underworld.

The Guardian of the Portals challenged her: 'Strip off thy garments, lay aside thy jewels; for naught may you bring with you into this our land, for it is written that your True Self is the only fitting adornment for those in the realms of Death.'

So she laid down her garments and her jewels, and was bound, as all living must be who seek to enter the realms of Death, the Mighty One.

Such was her beauty that Death himself knelt, and laid his sword and crown at her feet, and kissed her feet, saying: 'Blessed be thy feet that have brought thee in these ways. Abide with me; but let me place my cold hand on thy heart.'

And she replied: 'Why do you cause all things that I love, and take delight in, to fade and die?'

'Lady,' replied Death, 'it is age and fate, against which I am helpless. Age causes all things to wither; but when men die at the end of time, I give them rest and peace and strength, so that they may return. But you, you are lovely.
Return not, abide with me.'

And she replied, 'Nay, I love thee not and I am needed in the world of the living.'

Again Death knelt, and kissed her knees, saying: 'Blessed be thy knees that kneel before the Altar. Abide with me; let me place my cold hand on thy heart.'

And she replied, 'Nay, I love thee not and I am needed in the world of the living.'

Death (still kneeling), kissed her on the womb, saying: 'Blessed be thy organs of generation, without which none of us would be. Abide with me; let me place my cold hand on thy heart.'

And she replied, 'Nay though I feel the beginnings of love for thee, I must return to those I fully love in the world of creation.'

Death then stood, and kissed her on the breast, saying: Blessed be thy breast, formed in strength and beauty. Abide with me; let me place my cold hand on thy heart.'

And she replied, 'Nay though I feel love for thee, I must not abandon those I am responsible for, in the world of creation. I cannot do this thing, better you would return with me.'

'Lady,' replied Death, It cannot be so. If I were to leave my realm, and abandon those who seek their comfort and rest with me, then the Wheel would no longer turn. Age and weakness would overtake those whom you love, and they would have nowhere to find rest, and peace, and reunion with those who have gone before. As age and debility overtook your creations, there would quickly be no room for the new, only the withered, the tired, and the stagnant.' He then kissed her lips, saying: 'Blessed be thy lips, which shall utter the Holy Names.
Abide with me; let me place my cold hand on thy heart.'
And she replied, Let us BOTH lay our hands, each unto the heart of the other, thereby claiming and uniting each unto the other. In this way may I rule my kingdom of birth, creation, and life; yet share with you your kingdom of death, rejuvenation, and rest. United in Perfect Love and Perfect Trust, that the Universe may be whole and the Wheel turn smoothly.

Death replied, 'This is indeed WISDOM, So Mote it Be!' They embraced, thus pledging their eternal love.

And he taught her all his mysteries, and gave her the necklace which is the circle of rebirth. And she taught him her mystery of the sacred cup which is the cauldron of rebirth.

They loved, and were one; for there be three great mysteries in the life of mankind, and magic controls them all. To fulfill love, you must return again at the same time and at the same place as the loved ones; and you must meet, and know, and remember, and love them again.

But to be reborn, you must die, and be made ready for a new body. And to die, you must be born; and without love, you may not be born.
And our Goddess is ever inclined to love, and mirth, and happiness; and guards and cherishes her hidden children in life, and in death she teaches the way to her commun-ion; and even in this world she teaches them the mystery of the Magic Circle, which is placed between the worlds of men and of the Gods.

And thus we are taught of the beginnings of the wheel of the year wherein the Lord and the Lady share their rulership of the year, each offering and sharing a balance to the other, and the basis of that sharing.

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The Lover  

Posted by Stella Clark

The Lover Cover
Death is often seen as a lover in art. His skeletal embrace is often welcomed and to women subjects highly erotic. Although this may be the dance of life and death it can be something far more. Women may often feel a pull towards death simply because he is portrayed in the Western world as tall dark and handsome. Well, that may be the modern cause.

But the sad truth is to all to many women from the middle ages, heck from the start of time itself, he is a welcome lover. Far too many women under go abuse, sickness, and mistreatment from society. Death does not care for what the human world thinks and hence we know he will take us in his time.

Inviting or invoking him as a lover can be an understanding of this, or a call for help to the one being whose mercy is swift and endless. He is the dark knight that comes to rescue womankind and mankind as well who have been abused and forgotten by society.

Needless to say it has always been a bone of contention whether we humans may or may not choose to die, whatever the reason. Invoking death and having him appear shows that he the ultimate judge agrees our time is now.

This also poses the question if death will take you on as a lover, surely it must be for an eternity?
Of course the curious could try the astral realms, but be careful what you wish for.

That said hon, there are help lines for a reason. Ain't nothing worth dying over, trust me. Which is what death himself will always try to tell you. Life can be sweet, but we ourselves must make it so.

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Goddesses  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddesses Image
ARTEMIS (DIANA) – Daughter of Zeus and Leto. The huntress, she is seen as the forever young Goddess. She is proud of her shapeliness and keeps her virginity to protect it. She was a warrior, joining Apollo to kill Python and other exploits. Anyone who offended her or tries to win her virginity paid dearly. They were killed, transformed, or mutilated. She defended modesty and punished illicit love and excesses. She avenged rape. She also took out her anger on those virgins who gave in to love. She did not mind marriage, but when a virgin married, she was to give up all the things of childhood, toys, dolls, locks of hair, etc., leaving them on her altar.

APHRODITE (VENUS) – Daughter of Zeus and Dione according to Homer. The Woman Born Of The Waves' according to Hesiod, born of the foam impregnated by the sexual organs of Uranus, which Cronos (Saturn) had severed and thrown into the sea. Plato identifies these as two separate Aphrodites. Ine Urania, the daughter of Uranus was Goddess of pure love. The other, called Pandemos, (Root of pandemonium?) was the Goddess of 'common' love. She married Hephaestus, but was unfaithful with Aries.

Aries was caught and humiliated. Aphrodite fled in shame to Cyprus, and there took Thrace as a lover, resulting in the birth of Eros (Love), Anteros (Love in return), Deimos and Phobos (Terror and Fear). She also was a lover of Adonis, a human shepherd named Anchises who fathered Aneas, of Hermes and of Dionysus who fathered Priapus. She was known for jealousy. She made Eos (Dawn) fall in love with Orion in spite for her seduction of Aries. She punished all who did not succumb to her. A beauty competition between Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite was proposed by Eris (Discord) with the prize being a golden apple. It was judged by the human Paris. All the Goddesses offered him bribes to win.

Aphrodite offered Helen, most beautiful of all Humans. She won and thus caused the Trojan War. Eros was the primordial god of instinct. When Aphrodite appeared he adapted himself and joined forces with her. At this time the sexes became distinct. Aphrodite's kingdom was the place of desire. Young girls were said to pass from the place of Artemis (chastity and games) to the place of Aphrodite, where they become women. Considered by some to be an affliction or madness that women must bear. She represents female lust and passion, and demonstrates its potential for destructive effect. Young girls have their virginity to the Goddess by living in her temples and offering themselves to passing strangers.

ATHENA (MINERVA) – Daughter of Zeus and Metis. Metis was swallowed by Zeus, and when it was time for Diana's birth, he had Hephaestus crack open his skull and she came forth in full armor shouting a war cry. Also a virgin Goddess, she lived among men without fear due to her warrior's skills. She was the protectress of Odysseus and other men. She was a warrior who used strategy, ambush, cunning, and magic rather then brute force. Her shield bore the head of a gorgon and she paralyzed her adversaries and make her companions invincible. She was against excess, both in war and every day life. She taught men to control their savagery and to tame nature. Was the initiator of skills. Taught Pandora to weave, trained horses and invented the chariot. She was the patroness of blacksmiths and carpenters. She built the first ship and the boat of the Argonauts.

CYBELE – Was born as Agditis, a hermaphrodite monster, from a stone fertilized by Zeus. The Gods decided to mutilate him and made the Goddess Cybele from him. Her love for Attis, a human shepherd, drove him insane and he castrated himself for her. Her priests were eunuchs dressed as women. If is from the temple of Cybele that the reference in the Wiccan Charge of the Goddess to "At mine Altars, the youths of Lacedaemon in Sparta made due sacrifice" comes.

DEMETER (CERES) – Daughter of Cronos (Saturn) and Rhea, the Goddess of corn and grain. Demeter bore Persephone. She renounced her duties as goddess and began a fast and went into exile from Olympos when her daughter was abducted into the underworld until her daughter should be returned to her. She caused the spread of the knowledge of the cultivation of corn.

During her exile, the earth became barren until Zeus demanded that Hades return Persephone. She had eaten from a pomegranate, however, and was forever bound to the underworld. As a compromise, she was allowed to rise up into the world with the first growth of spring and return to the underworld at seed sowing in fall. And so the Earth is barren in the winter, while Demeter mourns, and becomes fruitful again when Persephone is released. Demeter made herself known to the children of Eleusis, who raised her a temple and instituted the Eleusinian mysteries. In Sept.- Oct., the candidates for initiaion purified themselves in the sea, then processed down the sacred path from Athens to Eleusis. The rites remain secret, but involve a search for a mill for grinding corn, and a spiritual experience. During the rites, men, women and slaves were all treated as equal.

ERINYES, THE – Alecto, Tisiphone and Megaara. They were born from drops of blood that fell from Uranus's severed Penis, and did not recognize the authority of the gods of Olympos. They hounded and tortured their victims, driving them mad. Also called the Eumenides, The Good Ones, to divert their wrath. Assimilated by the Romans as the Furies. They were implacable and demanded punishment for every murder. To them, murder was a stain. The murderer had to be banished and driven mad before purification could occur. They were blind and carried out their punishments indefinitely.

HESTIA/VESTA – Daughter of Cronos (Saturn) and Rhea. Goddess of the hearth, she had the privilege of retaining her virginity forever. Her symbol was the fire, which was never allowed to go out. The young bride and newborn child were presented to her and she was invoked before each meal. Her temple in Rome was served by the young vestal virgins.

HERA (JUNO) – Daughter of Cronos (Saturn) and Rhea brought up by Oceanus and Tethys. Married Zeus. It was claimed that each year Hera regained her virginity by bathing in the spring of Canathus. According to some traditions, Hephaestus, Aries and Hebe (Youth) were conceived by her alone without male assistance. As Zeus' legitimate wife, her fury at his infidelities was boundless and she took vengeance on his lovers and any progeny of their affair without distinction. Zeus was often reduced to hiding or disguising his children to protect them.

HARPIES – Greek genii/spirits – Daughters of Thaumes and Electra: Nicotho or swift-footed, Ocypete or swift of flight, and Celaeno, the dark one. Were either women with wings or birds with the heads of women. Called the "hounds of Zeus" and seized children and souls. Skillful at torture, they could pester a victim into madness.

MUSUS – Nine daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne (Memory). Calliope ruled epic poetry, Clio ruled history, Polyhumnia mime, Euterpe the flute, Terpsichore dance, Erarto lyric art, Melpomene tragedy, Thalia comedy and Urania astromomy. They delighted the Gods and inspired poets. The Muses created what they sang about. By praising the Gods, they completed their glory, by boasting of valiant warriors, they wrote their names in history. They were celebrated by the Pythagoreans as the keepers of the knowledge of harmony.

MOERAE (PARCAE) – The Three Fates. Atropos, Clotho, Lachesis, daughters of Zeus and Themis. The first spins a thread symbolizing birth. The second unravels it, symbolizing life's processes and the third cuts it, symbolizing death. They too were blind and ruled destiny. They were also symbols of a limit which could not be overstepped. Were connected to their sisters, the furies, who punished crime.

NEMESIS – Daughter and Night. Ruled over the distribution of wealth, looked after balance, took revenge on arrogance and punished excess, including excessive happiness, riches and power. Moderation in all things was her creed.

NYMPHS – Daughter of Zeus and usually part of a greater god(esses) entourage. Not immortal, though long lived. Mostly lived in caves. Were dark powers whose beauty alone could lead to madness. Were seducers of many of the gods. Were considered secondary deities.

THETIS – Daughter of the old man of the sea. Very beautiful. Mother of Achilles. Saved Zeus from a plot to overthrow him and was an ally of Hera. Saved the Argonauts as they passed between the clashing rocks.

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The Pale Horseman  

Posted by Stella Clark

The Pale Horseman Cover
Nothing like death coming for you on horseback. With his brothers (pestilence, famine, and war) he will charge out near the end of Christian time to lay waste to the world. The scary part is, he is a holy servant under God's orders.

To give it to you chapeter and verse: Revelation 6:7 - 6:8 - "And when he had opened the fourth seal, I heard the fourth beast say, Come and see. And I beheld, and lo a pale green horse; and he that sat on him was called Death, and Hades followed with him. And power was given to them over a fourth of the earth, and that they (the four horsemen) should kill with sword, and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth."

You thought death was scary? Now you get to see Death and all of Hell is coming with him. Good to see God back in His Old Testament mood. Oh, by Hades they also may simply mean all the dead will rise from the grave to devour you. And you thought the Bible was boring.

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Household Deity  

Posted by Stella Clark

Household Deity Cover
A household deity is a deity or spirit that protects the home, looking after the entire household or certain key members. It has been a common belief in pagan religions as well as in folklore across many parts of the world. Household deities fit into two types; firstly, a specific deity- typically a goddess- often referred to as a hearth goddess or domestic goddess who is associated with the home and hearth, with examples including the Greek Hestia and Norse Frigg. The second type of household deities are those that are not one singular deity, but a type, or species of animistic deity, who usually have lesser powers than major deities. This type was common in pagan religions, such as the Lares of Roman paganism and Cofgodas of Anglo-Saxon paganism, and these survived Christianisation as fairy-like creatures existing in folklore, such as the Scottish Brownie and Slavic Domovoi. Household deities were usually worshipped not in temples but in the home, where they would be represented by small idols, amulets, paintings or reliefs. They could also be found on domestic objects, such as cosmetic articles in the case of Tawaret. The more prosperous houses might have a small shrine to the household god(s); the lararium served this purpose in the case of the Romans. The gods would be treated as members of the family and invited to join in meals, or be given offerings of food and drink.

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Goddess Mama Cocha  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Mama Cocha Image
MAMA COCHA is the Inca Goddess of the sea. She protects fishermen and sailors, making sure that there are plenty of fish, preventing storms, and calming the seas. Mama Cocha was said to have dominion over all bodies of water, and was especially associated with Lake Titicaca in Peru, which is still called Mama Cocha by many people. As the wife of the supreme God Viracocha, Mama Cocha was the mother of Mama Quilla, Goddess of the moon, and her brother/husband Inti, God of the sun. Mama Cocha's name, which means "sea mother," is also seen as MAMA QOCHA.

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Hermes Messenger Of The Gods  

Posted by Stella Clark

Hermes Messenger Of The Gods Cover
HERMES, messenger of the gods, was the son of the god Zeus and of Maia, the daughter of the Titan Atlas. A prankster and inventive genius from birth, Hermes aided the heroes Odysseus and Perseus in their quests. Hermes was the son Zeus and a mountain nymph. As a newborn he was remarkably precocious. On his very first day of life, he found the empty shell of a tortoise and perceived its utility as a sounding chamber. Stringing sinews across it, he created the first lyre.

In a related capacity, he brought the dead to the Underworld in his role of "Psychopompos". Zeus made his thieving son Hermes god of commerce. Hermes invented various devices, especially musical ones, and possibly fire. He is known as a helpful god. As the special servant and courier of Zeus, Hermes had winged sandals and a winged hat and bore a golden Caduceus, or magic wand, entwined with snakes and surmounted by wings. He conducted the souls of the dead to the underworld and was believed to possess magical powers over sleep and dreams. Hermes was also the god of commerce, and the protector of traders and herds. As the deity of athletes, he protected gymnasiums and stadiums and was believed to be responsible for both good luck and wealth. Despite his virtuous characteristics, Hermes was also a dangerous foe, a trickster, and a thief.

On the day of his birth he stole the cattle of his brother, the sun god Apollo, obscuring their trail by making the herd walk backward. When confronted by Apollo, Hermes denied the theft. The brothers were finally reconciled when Hermes gave Apollo his newly invented lyre.

Hermes' union with Aphrodite produced Hermaphroditus. It may have yielded Eros, Tyche, and perhaps Priapus. His union with a nymph, perhaps Callisto, produced Pan. He also sired Autolycus and Myrtilus. There are other possible children. Hermes was represented in early Greek art as a mature, bearded man; in classical art he became an athletic youth, nude and beardless.

Hermes was known for his helpfulness to mankind, both in his capacity as immortal herald and on his own initiative. When Perseus set out to face the Gorgon Medusa, Hermes aided him in the quest. According to one version of the myth, he loaned the hero his own magic sandals, which conferred upon the wearer the ability to fly.

Some say that Hermes loaned Perseus a helmet of invisibility as well. Also known as the helmet of darkness, this was the same headgear that Hermes himself had worn when he vanquished the giant Hippolytus. This was on the occasion when the gargantuan sons of Earth rose up in revolt against the gods of Olympus.

Hermes' symbol of office as divine messenger was his staff, or caduceus. This was originally a willow wand with entwined ribbons, traditional badge of the herald. But the ribbons were eventually depicted as snakes. To support this mythologically, a story evolved that Hermes used the caduceus to separate two fighting snakes which forthwith twined themselves together in peace.

It was Hermes' job to convey dead souls to the Underworld. And as patron of travelers, he was often shown in a wide-brimmed sun hat of straw. Hermes was known to the Romans as Mercury. His most famous depiction, a statue by Bellini, shows him alight on one foot, wings at his heels, the snaky caduceus in hand and, on his head, a rather stylized combination helmet-of-darkness and sun hat.

Hermes's Attributes:


Hermes is sometimes shown as young and sometimes bearded. He wears a hat, winged sandals, and short cloak. Hermes has a tortoise-shell lyre and the staff of a shepherd. In his role as psychopompos, Hermes is the "herdsman" of the dead. Hermes is referred to as luck-bringing (messenger), giver of grace, and the Slayer of Argus.

Hermes's Powers:


Hermes is called Psychopompos (Herdsman of the dead or guider of souls), messenger, patron of travelers and athletics, bringer of sleep and dreams, thief, trickster. Hermes is a god of commerce and music. Hermes is the messenger or Herald of the gods and was known for his cunning and as a thief from the day of his birth. Hermes is the father of Pan and Autolycus.

Hermes's Sources:


Ancient sources for Hades include: Aeschylus, Apollodorus, Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Diodorus Siculus, Euripides, Hesiod, Homer, Hyginus, Ovid, Parthenius of Nicaea, Pausanias, Pindar, Plato, Plutarch, Statius, Strabo, and Vergil.

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Goddess Flora  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Flora Image
FLORA is the Roman Goddess of flowers. Floralia, the festival held in her honor at the end of April, marked the renewal of the cycle of the year, the time when the flowers began to bloom again in Rome. It was celebrated with much dancing and revelry. Originally, Flora was the Goddess of flowering crops only, such as grains and fruit trees, but over time became associated with all flowering plants. Where she walks, flowers spring up. In one myth, she gives a magical flower to Juno, Queen of the Gods, which allowed her to conceive the God Mars without help from a man. Flora's name, logically, means "flower", and it has survived to this day as a synonym for all plant life; alternate names for her include FLORA RUSTICA (Flora the Countrywoman or Flora of the Countryside), and FLORA MATER (Flora the Mother).

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Greek Goddess Akhlys  

Posted by Stella Clark

Greek Goddess Akhlys Image
AKHLYS (pronounced ack-LOOS) is the Greek Goddess of the mist of death. She is also the personification of misery, and she was often found on battlefields, spreading her mist over the eyes of the dying. Akhlys was portrayed on the shield of Heracles as a pale, thin wraith of a woman, covered in dust, blood, and her own tears. Her name, which means "death-mist," is also seen as ACHLYS.

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Greek Goddess Tethys  

Posted by Stella Clark

Greek Goddess Tethys Image
TETHYS (pronounced TEE-thus) is the Greek Goddess of the ocean. She is one of the Titans, daughter of Gaia and Ouranos, and sister-wife to another Titan, Okeanos, God of the ocean. With Okeanos, Tethys is the mother of the Okeanides (deities of springs and streams), the Potamoi (deities of rivers), and the Nephelai (deities of the clouds). In total, she had over 3000 children, including Akaste, Admete, Aethra, Amaltheia, Amphitrite, Argia, Asia, Khryseis, Klytie, Daira, Doris, Eudore, Ianira, Leukippe, Lysithea, Meliboea, Metis, Peitho, Perseis, Pleione, Rhode, Styx, Telesto, and Tykhe. Tethys's name means "grandmother."

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Lord Ganesha  

Posted by Stella Clark

Lord Ganesha Cover
Ganesha, also spelled Ganesa or Ganesh, also known as Ganapati, Vinayaka, and Pillaiyar, is one of the deities best-known and most widely worshipped in the Hindu pantheon. His image is found throughout India and Nepal. Hindu sects worship him regardless of affiliations.Devotion to Ganesha is widely diffused and extends to Jains, Buddhists, and beyond India.

Although he is known by many other attributes, Ganesha's elephant head makes him easy to identify. Ganesha is widely revered as the Remover of Obstacles and more generally as Lord of Beginnings and Lord of Obstacles (Vighnesha, Vighneshvara, patron of arts and sciences, and the deva of intellect and wisdom. He is honoured at the beginning of rituals and ceremonies and invoked as Patron of Letters during writing sessions. Several texts relate mythological anecdotes associated with his birth and exploits and explain his distinct iconography.

This God of knowledge and the remover of obstacles is also the older son of Lord Shiva. Lord Ganesha is also called Vinayak ( knowledgeable ) or Vighneshwer (god to remove obstacles). He is worshipped, or at least remembered, in the beginning of any auspicious performance for blessings and auspiciousness.

Ganesha emerged a distinct deity in clearly recognizable form in the 4th and 5th centuries CE, during the Gupta Period, although he inherited traits from Vedic and pre-Vedic precursors. His popularity rose quickly, and he was formally included among the five primary deities of Smartism (a Hindu denomination) in the 9th century. A sect of devotees called the Ganapatya, who identified Ganesha as the supreme deity, arose during this period. The principal scriptures dedicated to Ganesha are the Ganesha Purana, the Mudgala Purana, and the Ganapati Atharvashirsa. In his praise the Ganesha Chalisa is sung.

He has four hands, elephant's head and a big belly. His vehicle is a tiny mouse. In his hands he carries a rope (to carry devotees to the truth), an axe (to cut devotees' attachments), and a sweet dessert ball -laddoo- (to reward devotees for spiritual activity). His fourth hand's palm is always extended to bless people.

A unique combination of his elephant-like head and a quick moving tiny mouse vehicle represents tremendous wisdom, intellegence, and presence of mind.

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Sekhmet Lioness Headed Goddess  

Posted by Stella Clark

Sekhmet Lioness Headed Goddess Image
ONE OF THE OLDEST AND MOST IMPORTANT DIVINITIES OF THE EGYPTIAN PANTHEON IS THE LIONESS-HEADED "GODDESS", "SEKHMET". IT HAS BEEN SAID THAT SHE WAS ALL OPPOSITES, SUCH AS DARKNESS AND LIGHT, HEAPED INTO ONE. EVERYTHING WAS A PART OF THIS ANCIENT GODDESS. SHE REPRESENTS THE POWER BETWEEN DESTRUCTION AND RENEWAL. SEKHMET, A GODDESS OF WAR, JUSTICE, DESTRUCTION AND HEALING, WAS CALLED THE "POWERFUL ONE", A NAME THAT FIT THE DESTRUCTIVE SIDE OF HER. SHE WEARS THE SOLAR SERPENT, THE SYMBOL OF REGENERATION OVER HER BROW.

SHE WAS KNOWN AS THE "EYE OF RA" AND THOUGHT TO BE BOTH THE DESTRUCTIVE ASPECT OF THE SUN AND THE PROTECTRESS OF THE SUN. SHE WAS A FEROCIOUS DEITY WHO BREATHED FIRE ON HER ENEMIES. ACCORDING TO" THE BOOK OF THE DIVINE COW", SHE ONCE BECAME SO DISGUSTED WITH HUMANITY THAT SHE DECIDED TO SLAUGHTER THE RACE. HER FURY TERRIFIED THE "GODS", WHO DEPUTIZED "RA" TO CALM HER DOWN, AND APPARENTLY HER POWER WAS GREAT ENOUGH NOT ONLY TO ASSIST "OSIRIS" BUT ALSO AT TIMES TO DOMINATE EVEN HIM, AND ACCORDING TO THE "BOOK OF THE DEAD," AT THE TIMES OF STORMS AND GREAT FLOODS SHE HAD POWER EVEN OVER THE GREAT GOD OF THE "UNDERWORLD."

The divine trinity worshipped at Memphis included "Sekhmet", her husband "Ptah", the "god" of arts and crafts, and Her son, "Nefertum", the healing god of flowers and perfume. Sekhmet was feared, but also was held in high esteem.

In the dark night I heard a purring,

Near me something was stirring.

"A VOICE, DEEP-THROATED, SPOKE:"
"I LITTER ARMIES FOR ALL EASTS AND WESTS"AND NORTHS AND SOUTHS:"THEY SUCKLE MY GIRL-GODDESS BREASTS,"AND MY FIERCE MILK DRIPS FROM THEIR MOUTHS."

"THE VOICE SANG:"
"I DO NOT KILL! I, SEKHMET THE LION-HEADED, "BUT BETWEEN MY SOFT HANDS THEY DIE."

"I ASKED:"
O Sekhmet, Lion-headed one,
How long shall warring be?

"AND SEKHMET DEIGNED TO MAKE REPLY:"
"ETERNALLY!"
"BOLD IN MY FAITH I GREW":

Dread goddess-cat, you lie!
Warring shall cease!
My God of love is greater far
Than you!

"HOW GENTLE WAS THE VOICE OF SEKHMET THEN: "
"HE OF THE STAR? "He Whom they called the Prince of Peace-
And slew? "AND SLEW AGAINAND YET AGAIN? "AH YES!SHE SAID. "
"AND ALL ABOUT MY BED"THE NIGHT GREW LAUGHING-RED:"SEKHMET I DID NOT SEE,"
"BUT IN THAT BLEEDING DUSK I HEARD"THAT SEKHMET PURRED."



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Robigalia  

Posted by Stella Clark

Robigalia Image
The Robigalia was a festival held April 25. Its main ritual was a dog sacrifice to protect grain fields from disease. Games in the form of "major and minor" races were held. The Robigalia was one of several agricultural festivals in April to celebrate and vitalize the growing season, but the darker sacrificial elements of these occasions are also fraught with anxiety about crop failure and the dependence on divine favor to avert it. The late Republican scholar Varro says that the Robigalia was named for the god Robigus, who as the numen or personification of agricultural disease could also prevent it. He was thus a potentially malignant deity to be propitiated, as Aulus Gellius notes. But the gender of this deity is elusive. The agricultural writer Columella gives the name in the feminine as Robigo, like the word used for the disease itself, and says that the sacrificial offering was the blood and entrails of an unweaned puppy (catulus). Most animal sacrifice in the public religion of ancient Rome resulted in a communal meal and thus involved domestic animals whose flesh was a normal part of the Roman diet; the dog occurs as a victim most often in magic and private rites for Hecate and other chthonic deities, but was offered publicly at the Lupercalia and two other sacrifices pertaining to grain crops. Robigo is a form of wheat rust, and has a reddish or reddish-brown color. Both Robigus and robigo are also found as Rubig-, which following the etymology-by-association of antiquity was thought to be connected to the color red (ruber) as a form of homeopathic or sympathetic magic.

The color is thematic: the disease was red, the requisite puppies (or sometimes bitches) had a red coat, the red of blood recalls the distinctively Roman incarnation of Mars as both a god of agriculture and bloodshed. William Warde Fowler, whose work on Roman festivals remains a standard reference, entertained the idea that Robigus is an "indigitation" of Mars, that is, a name to be used in a prayer formulary to fix the local action of the invoked god. The priest who presided was the flamen Quirinalis, the high priest of Quirinus, the Sabine god of war who become identified with Mars; the ludi were held for both Mars and Robigo. The flamen recited a prayer that Ovid quotes at length in the Fasti, his six-book calendar poem on Roman holidays which provides the most extended, though problematic, description of the day. The Robigalia was held at the boundary of the Ager Romanus. Verrius Flaccus sites it in a grove at the fifth milestone from Rome along the Via Claudia. Like many other aspects of Roman law and religion, the institution of the Robigalia was attributed to the Sabine Numa Pompilius, in the eleventh year of his reign as the second king of Rome. The combined presence of Numa and the flamen Quirinalis may suggest a Sabine origin.

Other April festivals related to farming were the Cerealia, or festival of Ceres, lasting for several days in mid-month; the Fordicidia on April 15, when a pregnant cow was sacrificed; the Parilia on April 21 to ensure healthy flocks; and the Vinalia, a wine festival on April 23. Varro considered these and the Robigalia, along with the Great Mother's Megalensia late in the month, the "original" Roman holidays in April. The Fasti Praenestini also record that on the same day the festival celebrated a particular class of sex workers: "pimped-out boys," following the previous day's recognition of meretrices, female prostitutes regarded as professionals of some standing. The Robigalia has been connected to the Christian feast of Rogation, which was concerned with purifying and blessing the parish and fields and which took the place of the Robigalia on April 25 of the Christian calendar. The Church Father Tertullian mocks the goddess Robigo as "made up," a fiction.

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Bixia Yuanjin Chinese Goddess Of Birth  

Posted by Stella Clark

Bixia Yuanjin Chinese Goddess Of Birth Image
"BIXIA YUANJIN "IS THE CHINESE GODDESS OF BIRTH; SHE IS OF THE TAOIST TRADITION AND PRESIDES OVER THE DAWN, CHILDBIRTH, AND DESTINY. DAWN AND CHILDBIRTH ARE UNDERSTANDABLY LINKED IN THE

WORLD OF MYTHOLOGY--tHE RISING OF THE SUN, THE BRINGING OF LIGHT TO THE EARTH, IS EQUATED WITH THE CHILD EMERGING FROM THE DARKNESS OF THE WOMB TO THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD. AS GODDESS OF DAWN, SHE IS THE BRINGER OF LIGHT, BANISHING THE DARKNESS AND INSTILLING HOPE AND WISDOM AS SHE ATTENDS THE BIRTH OF EACH NEW DAY FROM HER HOME HIGH IN THE CLOUDS. AS GODDESS OF CHILDBIRTH, SHE ATTENDS THE BIRTH OF CHILDREN, BESTOWING THEIR KARMIC FATE AND BRINGING GOOD FORTUNE.

"BIXIA YUANJIN" IS VENERATED IN THE TEMPLE OF THE PURPLE DAWN AT THE SUMMIT OF THE HOLY MOUNTAIN," TAI SHAN", WHERE WOMEN WISHING TO CONCEIVE COME TO ASK FOR HER HELP. SHE SENDS MESSAGES TO HER FOLLOWERS IN THE CLOUDS AND TEACHES THE ART OF SCRYING.

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Angel Of Death  

Posted by Stella Clark

Angel Of Death Cover
Outside of the church Angel Of Death has taken on his own personality and is known as a separate entity from any of the known angels of death. Here, he is Death himself always on call for duty at God's holy will. But he has also taken on a more universal flavor and is often a being unto himself, obeying no one.

In Abrahamic religions, Gabriel is an archangel who serves as a messenger from God. He first appears in the Book of Daniel, delivering explanations of Daniel's visions. In the Gospel of Luke Gabriel foretold the births of both John the Baptist and of Jesus. Christians of the Catholic traditions refer to him as Gabriel the Archangel.

Islam believes that Gabriel was the medium through whom God revealed the Qur'an to Muhammad, and that he sent a message to most prophets, if not all, revealing their obligations. He is called the chief of the four favoured angels and the spirit of truth. He is called the created Holy Spirit (Islam) that spoke to Muhammad, which is not to be confused with the Holy Spirit of God in Christianity who is revered as God Himself. Gabriel is also mentioned in Baha'i Faith texts, specifically in Baha'u'llah's mystical work Seven Valleys.

According to the Biblical verses which specifically refer to him, Gabriel is often depicted as though a mortal male, but is occasionally portrayed as androgynous or female, as in some New Age beliefs or contemporary art imagery.

In Roman Catholic Tradition Saint Michael the Archangel is referred to in the Old Testament and has been part of Christian teachings since the earliest times. However, throughout the centuries specific Roman Catholic traditions and views on St. Michael have taken shape, as recently as the 19th and 20th centuries. For instance, a specific Prayer to Saint Michael was promoted by Pope Leo XIII in 1888 and as recently as 1994 was reinforced by Pope John Paul II who encouraged the Catholic faithful to continue to pray it, saying: "I ask everyone not to forget it and to recite it to obtain help in the battle against forces of darkness.”

Saint Michael has specific roles within Roman Catholic teachings that range from acting as the chief opponent of Satan to the saving of souls at the hour of death. Roman Catholic literature and traditions continue to point to Saint Michael in contexts as varied as the protection of the Catholic Church to the Consecration of Russia by popes Pius XII and John Paul II regarding the messages reported at Our Lady of Fatima. This article reviews these Roman Catholic teachings and traditions.

In Jewish, Christian, and Islamic tradition Michael is an archangel. He is viewed as the field commander of the Army of God. He is mentioned by name in the Book of Daniel, the Book of Jude, and the Book of Revelation, in which he leads God's armies against Satan's forces during his uprising. In the book of Daniel, Michael appears as "one of the chief princes" who in Daniel's vision comes to Gabriel's aid in his contest with the angel of Persia (Dobiel). Michael is also described there as the advocate of the Children of Israel and as a "great prince who stands up for the children of your [Daniel's] people".

In Hebrew, the name Michael means "who is like God"(mi-who, ke-as or like, El-deity), which in Talmudic tradition is interpreted as a rhetorical question: "Who is like God?" (which expects an answer in the negative) to imply that no one is like God. In this way, Michael is reinterpreted as a symbol of humility before God.

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Italian Gods And Goddesses  

Posted by Stella Clark

Italian Gods And Goddesses Cover
Astraea: Italian goddess of truth and justice. Also known as Astria.
Aradia: Italian witch goddess. She came to earth to teach her mother Diana's magic. Symbolizes the air element, the moon.
Anteros: Italian-Roman god of love and passion. He was, specifically, the god of mutual love and would punish those who did not return love.
Corvus: Italian messenger god.
Cel: Italian god of death and the underworld.
Comus: Italian god of revelry, drinking, and feasting.
Carmen: Italian goddess of spellcasting and enchantments.
Copia: Italian goddess of wealth plenty.
Fortuna: Italian goddess of fortune, fate, destiny, blessings, luck, and fertility. Often invoked when one wants to receive money by chance, like in a lottery or contest.
Faunus: Roman and Italian god of woodlands. Symbolizes love. Also known as Pan [Greek].
Frebruus: Italian god of purification, initation, and of the dead.
Fauna: Italian goddess of the earth, wildlife, forests, and fertility. Symbolizes prosperity as well.
Jove: Italian-Roman sky god.
Jana: Italian goddess of the moon.
Lucina: Italian goddess of childbirth.
Lucifer: Italian god of sun and light. Brother and soulmate of Diana, father of Aradia.
Lupercus: Italian god of agriculture, wolf-god.
Lethns: Italian earth and nature deity. Invoke during sky, water, or element of earth, or for divination.
Marica: Italian goddess of agriculture.
Nox: Italian goddess of the night.
Pertunda: Italian goddess of sexual love.
Uni: Italian goddess of witchcraft.
Umbria: Italian goddess of shadows and things which are hidden or secret.
Virbius: Italian god of outlaws and outcasts; the guardian of sanctuaries.
Vertumnus: Roman-Italian god of fruits.

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Huehueteotl  

Posted by Stella Clark

Huehueteotl Cover
Huehueteotl ("Old god"; aged god in Nahuatl) is a Mesoamerican deity figuring in the pantheons of pre-Columbian cultures, particularly in Aztec mythology and others of the Central Mexico region. He is also sometimes called Ueueteotl. Although known mostly in the cultures of that region, images and iconography depicting Huehueteotl have been found at other archaeological sites across Mesoamerica, such as in the Gulf region, western Mexico, Protoclassic-era sites in the Guatemalan highlands such as Kaminaljuyu and Late-Postclassic sites on the northern Yucatan Peninsula.

Huehueteotl is frequently considered to overlap with, or be another aspect of, a central Mexican/Aztec deity associated with fire, Xiuhtecuhtli. In particular, the Florentine Codex identifies Huehueteotl as an alternative epithet for Xiutecuhtli, and consequently that deity is sometimes referred to as Xiutecuhtli-Huehueteotl.

However, Huehueteotl is characteristically depicted as an aged or even decrepit being, whereas Xiutecuhtli's appearance is much more youthful and vigorous, and he has a marked association with rulership and (youthful) warriors.

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Health Deity  

Posted by Stella Clark

Health Deity Cover
A health deity is a god or goddess in mythology associated with health, healing and wellbeing. They may also be related to childbirth or Mother Goddesses. They are a common feature of polytheistic religions.

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Goddess Hine Nui Te Po  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Hine Nui Te Po Image
HINE-NUI-TE-PO is the Maori Goddess of darkness and death, queen of the underworld. Her name translates as "Great Lady of the Night". Hine-nui-te-po was originally named HINE-TITAMA, meaning "Lady of the dawn", and she was the daughter of Tane-matua, God of forests, and Hine-ahu-one, "woman created of earth", the first woman in Maori mythology. Hine-titama married Tane-matua, not aware that he was her father, and they had several children.

One day, Hine-titama asked her husband if he knew who her father was, and he told her to ask the pillars of the house. She knew that her husband had built the house, and then realized that her husband was actually her father. Ashamed, she ran off to the underworld, where she was stopped by Te Ku-watawata, the guardian of the gate. He advised her to go back, to remain in the world of light and life, but she insisted on going forward. Just as she was about to descend into the darkness, Tane-matua caught up with her, but she turned him back, telling him that he was to go and look after their children in the world of light, as she would look after them in the world of darkness. It was at this point that she changed her name to Hine-nui-te-po, symbolic of her descent to the underworld.

Hine-nui-te-po's descent also marked the beginning of the flow of mankind to the underworld. The great hero Maui attempted to regain man's immortality by crawling through Hine-nui-te-po's body while she slept. Maui had with him three birds as companions, and when he turned himself into a worm and crawled into Hine-nui-te-po's vagina, one of the birds laughed, awakening the Goddess. Feeling the worm crawling inside her, she crushed it to death. Maui thus became the first man to die, and man has been mortal ever since.

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