Goddess Andromeda  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Andromeda Image
"(ANDROMEDA IS RATHER SPECIAL TO ME. SEVERAL YEARS AGO I BOUGHT MYSELF A STAR IN THE ANDROMEDA CONSTELLATION...MISS MARY IS HER NAME.)"

IN GREEK MYTHOLOGY, "ANDROMEDA "IS THE DAUGHTER OF CASSIOPEIA AND CEPHEUS, THE KING OF ETHIOPIA. CASSIOPEIA BEGAN BOASTING THAT SHE AND ANDROMEDA WERE MORE BEAUTIFUL THAN THE SEA NYMPHS AND TAUNTED POSEIDON, THE GOD OF THE SEA. THIS ANGERED HIM UNTIL HE COULDN'T TAKE IT ANY LONGER. SO, TO PUNISH THE MOTHER, HE HAD ANDROMEDA CHAIN TO A ROCK BY THE SEA...TO BE SACRIFICED TO A SEA MONSTER.

NOW, AS THE STORY GOES, PERSEUS, WAS PASSING BY AND WAS ATTRACTED BY ANDROMEDA'S BEAUTY. HE AGREED TO RESCUE HER UNDER ONE CONDITION...THAT HER PARENTS WOULD ALLOW HIM TO MARRY ANDROMEDA AFTERWARDS. NOW, CASSIOPEIA AND CEPHEUS WERE NOT ANXIOUS FOR THEIR DAUGHTER TO MARRY PERSEUS, BUT THEY DIDN'T HAVE MUCH OF A CHOICE. IT WAS THAT OR SEE HER SLAIN BY THE MONSTER, SO THEY AGREED. PERSEUS WAS A VALIANT WARRIOR AND POSSESSED SOME POWERFUL WEAPONS. FIRST, HE SKIMMED OVER THE WATER...THUS CONFUSING THE MONSTER...AND THEN, WITH A FLICK OF HIS WRIST, HE CUT OFF THE MONSTER'S HEAD. THE WEDDING FOLLOWED SOON THEREAFTER.

AND, AFTER HER MARRIAGE, ANDROMEDA LEFT HER COUNTRY TO LIVE WITH PERSEUS WHO LATER BECAME THE KING OF TIRYNS AND MYCENAE. AND, WHEN SHE DIED, ANDROMEDA WAS HUNG IN THE SKY AS A CONSTELLATION...AS AN ETERNAL REMINDER..TO FOREVER TURN OVER AND OVER IN THE STARRY SKY.

"NOW TIME'S ANDROMEDA ON THIS ROCK RUDE,"WITH NOT HER EITHER BEAUTY'S EQUAL OR"HER INJURY'S LOOKS OFF BY BOTH HORNS OF SHORE,"HER FLOWER, HER PIECE OF BEING, DOOMED DRAGON'S FOOD."TIME PAST SHE HAS BEEN ATTEMPTED AND PURSUED"BY MANY BLOWS AND BANES; BUT NOW HEARS ROAR"A WILDER BEAST FROM WEST THAN ALL WERE, MORE"RIFE IN HER WRONGS, MORE LAWLESS, AND MORE LEWD."

"HER PERSEUS LINGER AND LEAVE HER TO HER EXTREMES"PILLOWY AIR HE TREADS A TIME AND HANGS"HIS THOUGHTS ON HER, FORSAKEN THAT SHE SEEMS,"ALL WHILE HER PATIENCE, MORSELLED INTO PANGS,"MOUNTS; THEN TO ALIGHT DISARMING, NO ONE DREAMS"WITH GORGON'S GEAR AND BAREBILL, THONGS AND FANGS."--GERARD MANLEY HOPKINS-- "

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Goddess Nephthys  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Nephthys Cover
Nephthys, the 'Mistress of the House' {Nebet-het or Nebt-het in the Egyptian Language}, Nephthys is the 'Friend of the Dead,' and is first mentioned in Old Kingdom funerary literature as riding the 'night boat' of the underworld, meeting the deceased king's spirit and accompanying him into 'Lightland.' Her hair is metaphorically compared to the strips of cloth which shroud the bodies of the dead.

Nephthys is almost universally depicted as a woman with the hieroglyphic symbols of her name {a basket and a house, stacked on top of each other} situated atop her head, though she can also be depicted as a bird {most often a kite or some other form of falcon/hawk}. She was associated with funerary rituals throughout ancient Egyptian history and was venerated not as Death itself, but as the companion who gives guidance to the newly deceased, and as a Lady With Wings who comforts the deceased's living relatives. Nephthys is in most myths the youngest daughter of Nut, sister of Isis and Osiris and the sister-consort of Seth. In later periods Nephthys is also considered to be the mother of Anubis, a primordial form of the lord of the dead who later became subservient to Osiris in the Egyptian cultic myth.

Nephthys had connections with life as well as death she stood at the head of the birth-bed to comfort and assist the mother giving birth {while her sister, Isis, stood at the foot to midwife the child}. To current Egyptological knowledge, Nephthys did not have her own cult or temples in Egypt until the Ptolemaic-Roman period; however, as her name is merely a title {the same title given to the eldest woman in any ancient Egyptian household}, it is possible that Nephthys may be a specialized form of another goddess; probable candidates include Bat {as she is called the 'Lady of Het,' or 'Nebt-het'} and Neith with whom Nephthys is paired in the canopic shrine quadrants, as Isis is with Serket, who is sometimes seen to be an aspect of Isis.

Neith's being the 'eldest of goddesses,' along with her connection with weaving and funerary garments lends credence to this theory, as does the interchangeable depiction of Neith and/or Nephthys in symmetrical transposition on a number of Late Period temples.

Other names: Neb-hut, Nebthet

Contributed by Waxingmoon



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Goddess Sati  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Sati Image
SATI is the Hindu Goddess of marital devotion, an avatar of Parvati and Shiva's first wife. She was born at Brahma's request to King Daksha and so was known also as DAKSHAYANI. From childhood, she prepared to be Shiva's wife, forsaking the luxuries of the palace and living a simple life. When Shiva said that he would take her as his bride, Sati went home to tell her father, who was not pleased. He disliked Shiva, finding him dirty and disheveled. Sati did marry Shiva, and her father disowned her.

A short time after, King Daksha organized a yagna, a sacrificial fire, inviting all of the Gods except Shiva and Sati. Sati, decided that, since it was her father, she did not need an invitation and set off without Shiva. Her father told her that he did not like her husband and had purposefully not invited them. Sati realized that the only reason her father disliked her husband was because he had married her and that, in her father's eyes, she had dishonored him. In rage, she prayed that in a future life she would be born to a father whom she could respect and threw herself into the sacrificial fire.

When Shiva heard of his wife's death, he created two monsters, Bhadrakali and Virabhadra, and set them loose on Daksha's kingdom. Many were killed and Daksha himself was beheaded. Shiva took Sati's body from the fire and placed it on his shoulders. He began to dance, a wild and crazed dance of grief. As he danced, parts of Sati's burned body fell away. The places where the parts landed are called Shakti Peethas, places of strength, and number 51, scattered throughout India, Pakistan, Nepal, Tibet, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh. King Daksha and all his guests were eventually restored to life when Shiva's grief subsided, but Daksha's head was replaced with that of a goat, to remind him of his sins.

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