Indra  

Posted by Stella Clark

Indra Cover
Indra is the King of the gods or Devas and Lord of Heaven or Svargaloka in Hindu mythology, and also he is the God of War, Storms, and Rainfall. Indra figures as one of the chief deities in the Rigveda, celebrated as the slayer of Vtra and central to the Soma sacrifice. He has many epithets, notably van the bull, and vtrahan, slayer of Vtra. Indra appears as the name of an arch-demon in the Zoroastrian religion, while Verethragna appears as a god of victory. In Puranic mythology, Indra is bestowed with a heroic and almost brash and amorous character at times, even as his reputation and role diminished in later Hinduism with the rise of the Trimurti. In Buddhist tradition, Indra is also called; in Thai as Phra Intra, in Malay as Indera, in Tamil as Intiran, in Chinese as D`ish`itian, and in Japanese as Taishakuten.

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Camulus  

Posted by Stella Clark

Camulus Cover
Camulus or Camulos was a theonym for a god whom the Romans equated with Mars by interpretatio romana. He was an important god of early Britain and Gaul, especially among the Belgae and the Remi, a Gaulish tribe who lived in the area of modern Belgium. At Rindern, France, he was cited as Mars-Camulos on a stone with a corona of oak. Elsewhere he was portrayed with a ram-horned head. Evidence of his popularity can be seen in several place-names notably Camulodunum. Attempts to link him with the nursery character Old King Cole and Fionn's father Cumhall have been rejected by contemporary learned commentators The town Camulodunum in Essex may have been named after him. Cotterell claimed that this was the basis for the legendary city Camelot. Cunobelinus, Shakespeare's Cymbeline, a chief of the Catuvellauni who was called Britannorum rex by the Roman historian Suetonius, made Camulodunum his capital after defeating the local Trinobantes. He established a mint there, and coins bearing his head are still found occasionally in the area. After his death around AD 42, his sons fell out with Rome and gave the emperor Claudius an excuse to try to place Britain under Roman rule.

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The Horae  

Posted by Stella Clark

The Horae Image
THE HORAE (HOURS) WERE THE GREEK AND ROMAN GODDESSES OF TIME; THEY RULED OVER THE SEASONS AND EVERY HOUR OF THE DAY. THEY WERE BORN FROM THE UNION OF ZEUS AND THEMIS. THERE WERE ACTUALLY TWO GENERATIONS OF HORAE. THE ANCIENT GREEKS ONLY RECOGNIZED THE SEASONS--SPRING, SUMMER, AND AUTUMN--SO THE FIRST GENERATION CONSISTED OF ONLY THREE GODDESSES--THALLO (SPROUTING), AUXO (GROWTH), AND CARPHO (WITHERING). THEY REFLECTED THE THREE FORCES AT WORK IN THE CYCLE OF NATURE. THALLAS, THE GODDESS OF SPRING WAS THE BRINGER OF THE FLOWERS, A PROTECTRESS OF YOUTH. AUXO WAS THE GODDESS OF THE SUMMER AND THE GROWTH OF THE CROPS. CARPHO WAS IN CHARGE OF THE AUTUM, THE RIPENING OF THE FRUITS, THE HARVESTING.

THE SECOND GENERATION COMPRISED EUNOMIA (LAWFUL ORDER), DIKE (JUSTICE), AND EIRENE (PEACE). NOTICE HOW THE HORAE HAVE CHANGED FROM ONE GENERATION TO THE NEXT. IT WAS ONLY NATURAL THAT BECAUSE THEY WERE ORIGINALLY THE GODDESSES OF ORDERLY THINGS SUCH AS THE SEASONS, THAT THEY WOULD BECOME THE GODDESSES OF JUSTICE. SO, WE BEGAN WITH A TRIO OF YOUNG, BEAUTIFUL GODDESS WHO RULED OVER THE SEASON, AND THE NEXT GENERATION IS MAINTAING THE STABILITY OF THE SOCIETY. EUNOMIA, DIKE, AND EIRENE WARE USUALLY DEPICTED AS YOUNG MAIDENS WITH BEAUTIFUL, FLOWING HAIR AND A LIGHT FOOTSTEP.

EUNOMIA WAS THE GODDESS OF LAW AND LEGISLATION.

DIKE WAS THE GODDESS OF MORAL JUSTICE. SHE RULED OVER HUMAN JUSTICE WHILE HER MOTHER, THEMIS, RULED OVER DIVINE JUSTICE. DIKE HAD BEEN BORN A MORTAL, AND ZEUS PLACED HER ON EARTH TO KEEP MANKIND JUST. THIS QUICKLY PROVED AN IMPOSSIBLE JOB, AND HE REMOVED HER FROM EARTH, PLACING HER NEXT TO HIM ON OLYMPUS. FINALLY, LOSING HOPE FOR HUMANITY ALTOGEHTER, SHE ASCENDED TO THE HEAVENS AND BECAME THE CONSTELLATION VIRGO.

EIRENE WAS THE PERSONIFICATION OF PEAE AND WEALTH AND WAS USUALLY DEPICTED AS A BEAUTIFUL YOUNG MAIDEN CARRYING A CORNUCOPIA, SCEPTER, AND A TORCH.

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