Goddess Pidray  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Pidray Image
PIDRAY is the Canaanite Goddess of mist. She is one of the daughters of Baal, the great God of rain. As such, she is also called DAUGHTER OF THE MIST, DAUGHTER OF LIGHTNING, or the MAIDEN OF LIGHT. She is romantically involved with Athtar, son of Athirat, who is identified with the Semitic Asherah. Along with her sisters Tallay and Arsay, she is one of the Perfect Brides, as they are referred to in the Epic of Baal. Her name, which means "mist," is also seen as PIDRAYA, PIDRAYA BAT 'AR, PIDRAI, PADRIYA, or PDRY.

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Tohil  

Posted by Stella Clark

Tohil Cover
Tohil (also spelt Tojil) was a deity of the K'iche' Maya in the Late Postclassic period of Mesoamerica. At the time of the Spanish Conquest, Tohil was the patron god of the K'iche'. Tohil's principal function was that of a fire deity and he was also both a sun god and the god of rain. Tohil was also associated with mountains and he was a god of war, sacrifice and sustenance. In the K'iche' epic Popul Vuh, after the first people were created, they gathered at the mythical Tollan, the Place of the Seven Caves, to receive their language and their gods. The K'iche', and others, there received Tohil. Tohil demanded blood sacrifice from the K'iche' and so they offered their own blood and also that of sacrificed captives taken in battle. In the Popul Vuh this consumption of blood by Tohil is likened to the suckling of an infant by its mother. Tohil may originally have been the same god as Q'uq'umatz, and shared the attributes of the feathered serpent with that deity, but they later diverged and each deity came to have a separate priesthood. Sculptures of a human face emerging between the jaws of a serpent were common from the end of the Classic Period through to the Late Postclassic and may represent Q'uq'umatz in the act of carrying Hunahpu, the youthful avatar of the sun god Tohil, across the sky. Because of his association with human sacrifice, Tohil was one of the first deities that the Spanish clergy tried to eradicate after the Conquest.

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Goddess Quabso  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Quabso Image
QUABSO is the Sandawe Goddess of the moon and rain. The Sandawe of Tanzania say that the moon lived in the south and the sun lived in the north, until one day when he saw the moon and fell in love with her. The sun, later called Matunda, came south to be with the moon and they were married. Quabso rules over fertility and growth, which explains why women's cycles follow that of the moon. The courtship of Quabso and Matunda is remembered in the ritual phek'umo dance, which promotes the land's fertility.

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Goddess Aphrodite  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Aphrodite Image
"APHRODITE" WAS THE ANCIENT GREEK GODDESS OF LOVE, SEX, BEAUTY, FERTILITY, SEXUALITY, REBIRTH, AND PHYSICAL BEAUTY. ACCORDING TO LEGEND, SHE WAS BORN AS A COSMIC DEITY FROM THE FOAM OF THE SEA AFTER HER FATHER, "OURANOS" HAD BEEN CASTRATED AND HIS GENITALS HURLED INTO THE SEA; HENCE, SHE WAS ALSO CLOSELY ASSOCIATED WITH THE SEA AND WAS KNOWN AS THE PROTECTOR OF THE SAILORS. ALTHOUGH SHE IS PRESENTED ENTIRELY AS A GREEK GODDESS FROM THE EARLIEST LITERATURE DOWN, HER ORIGINS ACTUALLY CAN BE TRACED FROM THE OLD NEAR EASTERN GODDESSES LIKE THE MESOPOTAMIAN, "ISHTAR "AND "ASTARTE", THE PHOENICIAN "GODDESS. "

AS THE UNIVERSAL GODDESS OF LOVE, HER PROVINCE EMBRACED EVERY PHASE OF NATURE. THUS, SHE WAS THE DIVINE PERSONALITY WHO BROUGHT TOGETHER IN PROCREATING LOVE NOT ONLY HUMAN BEINGS BUT THE BEASTS OF THE FIELD AND THE FOWLS OF THE AIR, AND, MOREOVER, WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE APPEARANCE OF FRESH GROWTHS AND NEW GENERATIONS OF PLANTS. HER SACRED ANIMAL IS A GOAT. HER NAME DERIVES FROM THE GREEK WORD FOR THE SEXUAL ACT.

IT IS IN THE STORY OF "ADONIS" tHAT "APHRODITE" MOST CLEARLY APPEARS AS THE FORCE WHICH PROMOTES VEGETATION. A CERTAIN ASSYRIAN KING, THE TALE RUNS, HAD A DAUGHTER NAMED "SMYRNA", WHO, BECAUSE OF HER CONTINUED DISDAIN FOR "APHRODITE", DROVE THE GODDESS, IN ANGER, TO COMMIT A DREADFUL SIN UPON HER FATHER, AND WHEN HE LEARNED OF HER WICKEDNESS, HE DREW A SWORD AND PURSUED HER. HE WOULD HAVE THRUST HER THROUGH HAD NOT THE GODS INTERVENED AND CHANGED HER INTO A MYRRH TREE WHOSE BARK BURST OPEN NINE MONTHS LATER, REVEALING THE INFANT "ADONIS".

"APHRODITE" HID HIM IN A CHEST AND ENTRUSTED HIM TO "PERSEPHONE", BUT WHEN THE LATTER HAD BEHELD HIS BEAUTY, SHE REFUSED TO SURRENDER HIM, WHEREUPON THE TWO GODDESSES LAID THEIR DISPUTE BEFORE "ZEUS" WHO DECREED THAT "PERSEPHONE" WAS TO POSSESS THE YOUTH FOR ONE THIRD OF THE YEAR AND "APHRODITE "A SECOND THIRD; AND DURING THE REMAINING FOUR MONTHS ADONIS WAS TO BE FREE TO DO AS HE WISHED, BUT AS SOON AS HE HEARD OF THE VERDICT, HE GAVE THIS PERIOD OF FREEDOM TO "APHRODITE" AND BECAME HER FAVORITE.

WHILE STILL IN HIS YOUTH, HE WAS SLAIN IN THE CHASE BY A WILD BOAR, AND "APHRODITE" GRIEVED BEYOND CONSOLING...AND, FROM HIS BLOOD GREW THE BLOSSOM OF THE RED "ANEMONE". THIS GRAPHIC PORTRAYAL OF THE CYCLE OF CONDITIONS THROUGH WHICH VEGETATION PASSES IN THE COURSE OF A YEAR WAS THE THEME OF CERTAIN DRAMATIC ACTS IN THE WORSHIP OF "APHRODITE."

"APHRODITE" EPITOMIZES THE STANDARD STORY CHARACTER AND ARCHETYPE OF THE TEMPTRESS....THE TRUE TEMPTRESS WHO IS AMORAL AND DESTROYS MEN, YET THEY CANNOT HELP BUT LUST FOR HER. TODAY, "APHRODITE" IS CONSIDERED A FEMALE MYTHOLOGICAL ARCHETYPE. BEING ASSOCIATED WITH AN INFINITE SERIES OF HUMAN PHENOMENA SUCH AS LOVE, BIRTH, DEATH, FERTILITY, WAR, VIRGINITY, MARRIAGE, MOURNING AND SO ON, "APHRODITE" IS BROADLY REGARDED AS CONTROLLING THE RITUAL THAT CHARACTERIZES AN IMPORTANT PART OF HUMAN CULTURE IN THE ANCIENT YEARS, BUT ALSO TODAY.

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Goddess Erzulie  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Erzulie Image
ERZULIE IS A FASCINATING GODDESS, A HAITIAN GODDESS WHO WAS ORIGINALLY KNOWN AS THE WEST AFRICAN GODDESS OF LOVE; SHE IS NOW MAINLY WORSHIPED IN THE VOUDUN CULTURES OF THE AFRO-CARIBBEAN COUNTRIES. AS WITH MOST GODDESSES, ERZULIE HAS MANY DIFFERENT ASPECTS WHICH CHANGE FROM THE FLIRTATIOUS MAIDEN INTO THE FIERCE WARRIOR MOTHER AND CONTINUE ONTO THE CRYING CRONE...A TRIPLE GODDESS. HER SYMBOL IS A CROSS WITHIN A CIRCLE WHICH IS MUCH LIKE THE CELTIC CROSS. IT REPRESENTS THE MEETING OF THE TWO WORLDS--THE DIVINE WORLD AND THE WORLD OF HUMANKIND. ERZULIE CAN BE LOVING AND PASSIVE AT ONE MOMENT AND VIOLENT THE NEXT. SHE IS BEAUTY, SWEETNESS, LOVE, AND SENSUALITY PERSONIFIED. RIVERS, STREAMS, LAKES, AND WATERFALLS ARE HERS. SHE IS BOTH LOVED AND FEARED FOR HER TREMENDOUS POWER AND KNOWN FOR HER EXTREME MOOD SWINGS.

HER OWN PERSONAL STORY IS A TRAGEDY. FOR AT ONE TIME, ERZULIE WAS A WARRIORESS WHO FOUGHT BESIDE HER PEOPLE DURING THE HAITIAN REVOLUTION. BUT, HER OWN PEOPLE CUT OFF HER TONGUE SO THAT SHE COULD NOT TELL THEIR SECRETS IF SHE WERE CAPTURED. THUS, SHE IS MUTE AND SPEAKS ONLY BY CLICKING HER TONGUE ON THE ROOF OF HER MOUTH.

PERHAPS HER MOST FAMOUS ASPECT IS THAT OF THE GODDESS OF LOVE. HERE WE FIND HER PORTRAYED AS THE PERFECT WOMAN...A WOMAN OF LOVE, OF BEAUTY, OF INNOCENCE. ERZULIE DANTOR IS THE PATRON OF LESBIAN WOMEN, OF WOMEN EXPERIENCING DOMESTIC VIOLENCE, AND IT IS SAID THAT SHE LOVES WOMEN SO DEARLY THAT SHE WILL DEFEND THEM TO DEATH. PEOPLE HAVE PRAYED TO HER FOR YEARS BECAUSE THEY BELIEVE THAT SHE HAS THE ABILITY TO INFLUENCE THEIR ROMANCES, THEIR MARRIAGES. WOMEN INVOKE HER IN CASES OF DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AND RAPE. HER SYMBOL HERE IS THE HEART.

ANOTHER OF HER ASPECTS IS THAT OF ERZULIE LA FLAMBEAU. THIS IS THE SIDE OF ERZULIE THAT IS SAID TO BURN WITH THE FIRE OF OVERWHELMING PASSION...A PASSION THAT CAN EASILY TURN INTO A BURNING RAGE THAT CONSUMES ANYTHING AND EVERYTHING IN ITS PATH. THIS ASPECT IS LOOKED UPON AS THE "CORN MOTHER"...SHE WHO HAS POWERFUL ENERGY TO TURN DIFFERENT OBJECTS INTO FOOD.

ERZULIE FREDA IS THE MOST DIFFICULT TO UNDERSTAND OF ALL THE ASPECTS. SHE IS A PROMISCUOUS LOVE GODDESS, THE EMBODIMENT OF LUXURY AND WEALTH. SHE GIVES LUCK IN GAMES OF CHANCE AND CAN INSPIRE ROMANTIC LOVE. SHE IS OFTEN BLAMED FOR DRUG ADDICTIONS AND, IF ANGERED, SHE CAN DRIVE HER HUMAN VICTIM THROUGH A SERIES OF FRUITLESS RELATIONSHIPS, CAUSING THE PERSON TO FALL IN LOVE AND BECOME HEARTBROKEN OVER AND OVER AGAIN.

BY FAR, HER MOST TRAGIC ASPECT IS THAT OF ERZULIE LE ROUGE, FOR WHENEVER SHE APPEARS IN THIS ASPECT, SHE JUST SITS THERE, PULLING HER KNEES CLOSE TO HER CHEST, AND THEN, AS TEARS FLOW DOWN HER CHEEKS, AND WITH CLENCHED FISTS, SHE CRIES OUT AT THE ENORMOUS SADNESS THAT LIFE AND LOVE ALWAYS SEEM TO BRING.

IRONICALLY, MANY WOMEN WHO WOULD NEVER CONSIDER RESPECTING, LET ALONE FOLLOWING HER, NOW FIND THEMSELVES BEING DRAWN TO THIS GODDESS BECAUSE OF HER ABILITY TO LOVE, NOT ONLY FOR HERSELF, BUT FOR ALL OF MANKIND. SHE HAS BEEN LOVED BY MANY FOR SUCH A LONG TIME, AND UNLIKE MANY GODDESSES, SHE IS LOVED JUST AS STRONGLY TODAY. SHE IS TYPICALLY INVOKED WITH CEREMONIAL DANCE AND RITUAL BATHS FILLED WITH EXPENSIVE OILS AND PERFUMES AND OFFERINGS OF DESSERTS, PERFUMES, FLOWERS, AND CHAMPAGNE. WHEN THE CATHOLIC CHURCH BEGAN TO CONVERT THE HAITIAN PEOPLE TO THE STRICT ORTHODOXY OF CATHOLICISM, MANY PEOPLE BEGAN TO PRACTICE THE OLD RELIGION WITH THE NEW...SIDE BY SIDE. AND, THUS,IT IS WITH ERZULIE THAT THE OLD RELIGION AND TRADITIONS LIVE ON ALONG WITH THE NEW.

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Goddess Hel  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Hel Image
HEL is the Norse Goddess of the dead. She is the daughter of the trickster god Loki and the giantess Angrboda. When Odin learned of her existence, he flung her down to Niflheim, the realm of cold and darkness. He gave her dominion over the underworld, which came to be called Hel after her. Hel is the final destination for those who die of illness or old age, and those who were wicked in life. Only those who died heroically are taken to Valhalla, the Hall of the Slain. Hel's realm is composed of nine levels, ranging from fairly comfortable to truly horrible, and it was she who decided to which level the dead would go. In the ninth level, Nastrond, the roof is made up of serpents, who drip poison on the dead below. The inhabitants are given only goat's urine to drink.

Hel herself is a sight to behold. She is half alive and half dead-in some representations, her face and body are alive, but her legs are decaying; in others, her right side is the color of healthy flesh and her left side is black with death. One of her eyes is made of fire, and with it she can see the true soul of a person, enabling her to judge them well. It is also said that there was no disease in the world until Hel was born, and that she had the power to bring plague to the towns that she passed through. Variations on her name, which means "she who hides", include HELA, HELLA, HELL, HOLLE, HALJA, and HALJON.

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Goddess Serqet  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Serqet Image
"(THIS STATUE OF SERQET PROTECTS THE GREAT TUTANKHAMUN IN HIS SARCOPHAGUS)"

"SERQET (SELGUT, SERGUET) IS THE ANCIENT EGYPTIAN SCORPION GODDESS OF MAGIC. WE USUALLY FIND HER DEPICTED AS A TALL WOMAN WITH A SCORPION ON HER HEAD, BUT AT TIMES, SHE HAS ALSO BEEN KNOWN TO BE TWO-HEADED--AND APPEARS AS A LIONNESS WITH A CROCODILE WHICH PROJECTS FROM HER BACK. SERQET IS A PROTECTIVE GODDESS; SHE IS ONE WHO PUNISHED THE WRONGDOERS WITH A VENGEFUL WRATH. SHE RULES OVER ALL OF THE POISONOUS CREATURES...ESPECIALLY THE SCORPIONS, THE SPIDERS, AND THE VENOMOUS SNAKES, AND, BECAUSE THE BITES OF MANY OF THESE CREATURES COULD BE FATAL, SERQET WAS ALSO CONSIDERED A PROTECTRESS OF THE DEAD AND WAS ASSOCIATED WITH THE MORTUARY RITES.

HOWEVER, HER PROTECTIVE QUALITIES DID NOT ONLY COVER LIFE, BUT ALSO DEATH AND THE AFTERLIFE AS WELL, AND SHE WAS REVERED FOR GIVING BOTH THE KISS OF DEATH AND THE BREATH OF REBIRTH. IN THE UNDERWORLD, SHE HELPED IN THE PROCESS OF THE REBIRTH OF THE NEWLY DECEASED AND ORIENTED THEM AS THEY CAME TO HER, GIVING THEM THE BREATH OF LIFE.

SOME SAY SHE WAS THE MOTHER OF THE SUN GOD, RA; OTHERS SAY SHE WAS HIS DAUGHTER AND JOINED HIM ON HIS NIGHTLY JOURNEYS TO THE UNDERWORLD. SHE IS BELIEVED TO BE THE TWIN SISTER OF NEPHTHYS AND A CLOSE FRIEND OF ISIS. SHE IS THE WIFE OF HORUS AND THE MOTHER OF NEHEBKAU, THE SNAKE GOD WHO PROTECT THE PHARAOH FROM SNAKEBITS. AND, ALONG WITH WITH NEITH, IT WAS SERQET WHO WATCHED THE SKY SO THAT NO ONE WOULD DISTURB AMON AND HIS WIFE; THUS, SHE BECAME THE PROTECTRESS OF THE MARRIAGE UNION. IT IS KNOWN THAT THERE WAS A PRIESTHOOD TO HER IN THE ANCIENT DAYS, BUT, ALAS, NONE OF HER SHRINES OR TEMPLES WERE LEFT STANDING, BUT WE DO HAVE THE FOLLOWING REMEMBRANCE OF THIS GREAT GODDESS.

"I AM SERQET, MISTRESS OF HEAVEN AND LADY OF ALL THE GODS. I HAVE COME BEFORE YOU, OH KING'S GREAT WIFE, MISTRESS OF THE TWO LANDS, LADY OF UPPER AND LOWER EGYPT, NEFERTARI, BELOVED OF MUT, JUSTIFIED BEFORE OSIRIS WHO RESIDES IN ABTU, AND I HAVE ACCORDED YOU A PLACE IN THE SACRED LAND, SO THAT YOU MAY APPEAR GLORIOUSLY IN HEAVEN LIKE RA."

"(INSCRIPTION IN THE TOMB OF NEFETARI) "

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The Muses  

Posted by Stella Clark

The Muses Image
THE MUSES OF GREEK MYTHOLOGY WERE THE DAUGHTERS OF ZEUS AND MNEMOSYNE (MEMORY). IT IS SAID THAT THEY LAY TOGETHER FOR NINE MONTHS, AND ONE YEAR LATER MNEMOSYNE GAVE BIRTH TO THE NINE DAUGHTERS. THESE NINE GREEK GODDESS OF ART AND INSPIRATION HAD A VERY IMPORTANT FUNCTION TO FULFILL--TO INSPIRE POETS AND TO PROMOTE THE ARTS AND SCIENCES. ALL LEARNING WAS UNDER THE PATRONAGE OF THE MUSES AND ANY PLACE DEDICATED TO THEM WAS CALLED A "MOUSEION," WHICH LATER BECAME OUR WORD MUSEUM"." AREAS WHERE SACRED WELLS AND SPRINGS ARE FOUND ARE WHERE THE MUSES WERE MOST VENERATED. THE MUSES REMAIN IMPORTANT TO US TODAY BECAUSE THEY CONTINUE TO CONNECT US TO THOSE ARCHETYPES WHICH ARE STILL EXPERIENCED BY CREATIVE PEOPLE...AND TO ME, THAT INCLUDES ALL OF US BECAUSE EACH OF US IS CREATIVE IN ONE WAY OR ANOTHER.

THE MUSES WERE REPRESENTED AS YOUNG MAIDENS WITH FACES--SMILING, GRAVE, THOUGHTFUL--ACCORDING TO THE FUNCTION THEY SERVED. THEY WERE ATTIRED IN LONG, FLOWING ROBES. THEY WERE ABLE TO DANCE WITH TIRELESS FEET AND SANG WITH BRILLIANT VOICES. THE NAMES AND ATTRIBUTES OF THE NINE SISTERS WERE AS FOLLOWS:

CLIO (FAME-GIVER) WAS THE MUSE OF HISTORY. SHE WAS OFTEN DEPICETED WITH A HALF-OPENED SCROLL OR A CHEST OF BOOKS. FROM A UNION WITH PIERUS, THE KING OF MACEDONIA AND BORE A SON, HYACINTHUS, A HANDSOME LAD WHO WAS ONE DAY ACCIDENTALLY SLAIN BY HIS LOVER, APOLLO. FROM HIS BLOOD GREW THE FLOWER THAT BEARS HIS NAME.

ENTERPE (JOY-GIVER) PRESIDED OVER LYRIC POETRY AND MUSIC; HER SYMBOL WAS THE FLUTE. SHE WAS IN CHARGE OF JOY AND PLEASURE AND BROUGHT GREAT JOY AND DELIGHT TO ALL THOSE WHO WERE BLESSED TO HERE HER SING.

THALIA (THE FESTIVE) WAS THE MUSE OF COMEDY. SHE ALSO WORE THE COMIC MASK AND CARRIED A SHEPHERD'S STAFF OR A WREATH OF IVY. SHE IS WORSHIPPED BECAUSE THOSE WHOM SHE SINGS PRAISES OF LASTS FOR LONG PERIODS OF TIME.

MELPOMENE (THE SINGER) WAS THE MUSE OF TRAGEDY. SHE IS USUALLY REPRESENTED WEARING THE TRAGIC MASK AND ENVELOPED IN VINE LEAVES. SHE ALSO CARRIED THE CLUB OF HERACLES. HER CHANTING CHARMS AND INSPIRES HER LISTENERS.

TERPSICHORE (SHE WHO LOVES DANCING) WAS THE MUSE OF LYRIC POETRY AND THE DANCE. SHE ALSO RULED OVER CHORAL SONG; HENCE, SHE IS USUALLY REPRESENTED SEATED AND HOLDING THE LYRE. LEGEND HOLDS THAT SHE MATED WITH THE RIVER GOD ACHELOUS AND BORE THE SIRENS.

ERATO (AWAKENER OF DESIRE) WAS THE MUSE OF EROTIC VERSE AND LOVE POETRY. SHE ALSO CARRIES A LYRE. IT IS SAID THAT SHE TURNS THOSE WHO FOLLOW HER INTO MEN WHO ARE DESIRED AND WORTHY OF LOVE.

POLYHYMMIA (MANY HYMNS) WAS THE MUSE OF THE SUBLIME AND SACRED HYMNS; LATER OF THE MIMIC ART AND STORYTELLING. SHE IS USUALLY DEPICTED AS WEARING A VEIL OR IN AN ATTITUDE OF MEDITATION. SHE IS A SERIOUS LOOKING WOMAN WHO SOMETIMES HOLDS A FINGER TO HER MOUTH AS IF IN DEEP THOUGHT.

URANIA (HEAVENLY) WAS THE MUSE OF ASTROLOGY; HER SYMBOLS WERE THE CELESTIAL GLOBE AND COMPASS. SHE IS USUALLY DRESSED IN A DARK CLOAK ON WHICH STARS HAVE BEEN EMBROIDERED, AND SHE LOOKS UPWARDS TOWARDS THE STARS. AMONG HER TALENTS, IT IS SAID THAT SHE COULD FORETELL THE FUTURE BY THE POSITION OF THE STARS.

CALLIOPE (BEAUTIFUL VOICED) WAS THE ELDEST AND MOST DISTINGUISHED OF THE NINE MUSES. SHE WAS THE MUSE OF EPIC POETRY AND ELOQUENCE. HER MATE WAS APOLLO, AND SHE WAS THE MOTHER OF THE GREAT POETS, ORPHEUS AND LINUS. SHE WAS PERHAPS THE MOST MYTHICALLY INVOLVED OF ALL THE MUSES AND WAS THE ARBITRATOR OF THE DISPUTE BETWEEN APHRODITE AND PERSEPHONE OVER ADONIS.

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Hecate Dream Pillow  

Posted by Stella Clark

Hecate Dream Pillow Cover
The Goddess Hecate provides protection at night as well as psychic enhancement, so that you can journey safely during dreams. Appeal to Hecate to block nightmares too.

You will need:


* Dried lavendar
* Dried mullein
* Essential oil of lavender
* Optional: tuberose absolute
* Black pillowcase

Blend two parts lavender to one part mullein. Sprinkle a few drops of the essential oils over the dried botanicals. Allow this to dry thoroughly and use it to fill the black pillow case.

For optimum results, create and inaugurate the pillow during the Dark Moon (new moon) or on Halloween/Samhain" Of "


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Enbilulu  

Posted by Stella Clark

Enbilulu Cover
Enbilulu was the god of rivers and canals in Mesopotamian mythology. In the creation mythology he was placed in charge of the sacred rivers Tigris and Euphrates by the god Enki. Also he was the deity of irrigation and farming. In the Sumerian "Enlil and Ninlil" story he is a son and husband of Enlil and Ninlil. In Babylonian times he becomes the son of Ea and is syncretized with Adad. In the Enuma Elish Enbilulu is said to "know the secrets of water" and "of the running of rivers below the earth". Another version calls him "The Lord who makes all things flourish" who regulates for the land the grazing and watering places, who opened the wells and thereby apportioned the waters of abundance. Various translations of Enuma Elish attribute as many as three separate aspects of divinity to Enbilulu. They include the names Epadun ("the lord who sprinkles the field", who knows the most subtle geometries of the earth), Enbilulugugal ("lord of abundance, opulence and ample crops", the power that presides over all growth and all things that grow), and Hegal ("who provides rich rains over the wide earth and provides vegetation for the people's consumption", often called the master of the arts of farming and agriculture as well as one who knows the secrets of metals).

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Goddess Rhiannon  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Rhiannon Image
"WELSH GODDESS OF SEXUAL LOVE, MOON, ENDURANCE, AND INSPIRATION"
"DIVINE QUEEN"
"ANIMALS- HORSE, BADGER, PUPPIES, HUMMINGBIRDS, SONGBIRDS"
"SCENTS-SANDALWOOD, ROSEMARY LAVENDER, GERANIUM"
"GEMS- GOLD, SILVER, CRYSTAL QUARTZ, MOONSTONE"
"COLOR- DARK GREEN, GOLD, SILVER, WHITE, SILVER GRAY"

"Rhiannon is one of the most beloved goddesses of the Welsh pantheon. She is often depicted riding through Wales on a beautiful white horse. Her story reads much like a fairy tale. It was at Beltaine, that Pwyll, ruler of Dyfed in Southern Wales beheld a beauiful woman, richly clad, riding across the countryside. He is instantly smitten by her beauty and sends his messengers to to find out, but no matter how fast they ride, they cannot catch up with Her...even though Her horse appears to be walking at a slow, even pace. Finally, Pwyll himself rides off after Her, but He, too, cannot catch up to Her...no matter how fast he rides. He drives his horse to exhaustion, but She always remains the same distance away from him...until he finally calls out "Lady, for the sake of the one you love, please stop for me." She stops and their love for each other becomes a part of legend.

She marries Pwyll, and they have a son who is born on May Day. At some point during the night, the baby is kidnapped and because Rhiannon's attendants are frightened that they might be blamed, they kill a puppy and smear its blood all over Rhiannon in order to make it seem as if She killed Her own child. For Her punishment, She has to wait by the horseblock at the fortress gate, greet every person coming to the palace, tell them of her crime, and then carry the visitors into the court on Her back. She is sentenced to do this every day for seven years. Symbollically, She is made to be a horse carrying a burden.

The legend goes that Rhiannon's baby had been stolen by a demon who then went on to steal a horse. But, after the fourth year, a farmer and his wife arrive with their foster son, who had mysteriously appeared at the childless couples doorstep...the very same night that his favorite mare had borne a colt and disappeared. The couple decided to keep the child and raise him as if he were their own.. However, after they heard Rhiannon's tale about losing her baby, they realize that their child is actually Her child and return him back to the palace. She rejoices in tears when Her child was restored...proving that She had not done such a dastardly act after all.

"HORSES AREN'T THE ONLY ANIMALS RELATED TO RHIANNON--SONGBIRDS ARE SACRED TO HER AS WELL, SO SHOW YOUR DEVOTION TO HER BY FEEDING THE BIRDS...IN YOUR BACKYARD, IN THE PARK, THE FIRE ESCAPE. "

"RHIANNON IS A GODDESS WHO ENDURES SUFFERING AND CAN BE CALLED ON AS A BEARER OF BURDENS. SHE CAN LEND HER STRENGTH WHEN YOU UNDERTAKE A DIFFICULT TASK. TAKE COURAGE FROM RHIANNON WHO HAD BEEN WRONGLY ACCUSED, AND AS A RESULT, SUFFERED HER BURDEN FOR SEVERAL YEARS. WE ALL KNOW PEOPLE--INCLUDING OURSELVES--WHO HAVE BEEN WRONGLY ACCUSED BY OTHERS OR BY GOSSIPY FRIENDS OR NEIGHBORS. SADLY, IT IS CHILDREND AND VULNERABLE PEOPLE WHO ARE ESPECIALLY PRONE TO THESE PAINFUL INCIDENTS. LET US CARE FOR THEM."

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Kamrusepas Goddess Of Healing And Spells  

Posted by Stella Clark

Kamrusepas Goddess Of Healing And Spells Image
"KAMRUSEPAS" IS THE HITTITE GODDESS OF HEALING AND SPELLS. KNOWN SIMPLY AS "THE MOTHER", SHE IS THE POWERFUL HEALER AND SORCERESS WHO PROVIDES MIRACLE HEALINGS AND CURES TO THE PEOPLE OF MESOPOTAMIA. SHE RULES OVER CHANTING AND RITUAL. A CALM AND BENEVOLENT FORCE, SHE LOOSENS WHAT IS STUCK OR BOUND. HONEY AND FRUITS ARE SACRED TO HER.

"KAMRUSEPA" PLAYS A KEY ROLE IN THE HITTITE MYTH OF "TELEPINU, "THE AGRICULTURAL GOD WHO VANISHES IN A SULK, MAKING THE WORLD INFERTILE. SHE COMMISSIONS A BEE TO AWAKEN HIM AND BRING THE SUN AND LIFE BACK TO THE MORTALS. "KAMRUSEPA" THEN HEALS HIM BY SOOTHING HIM WITH WHEAT, WOOL FROM THE SHEEP, AND OLIVE OIL WHICH WAS ONCE BELIEVED TO BE THE "WATERS OF LIFE".

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Sif Norse Goddess Of Fertility  

Posted by Stella Clark

Sif Norse Goddess Of Fertility Image
"SIF" IS THE NORSE GODDESS OF FERTILITY, THE PATRONESS OF FARMERS. SHE RULES OVER THE HARVEST AND THE CULTIVATION OF THE LAND. SHE WAS KNOWN TO REPRESENT DIFFERENT ASPECTS OF THE HOME, FERTILITY, AS WELL AS THE DIVINATION MAGIC OF WOMEN. SHE IS A PROPHETESS, AN ENCHANTRESS, AND A SHAPE SHIFTER. THE WIFE OF THOR, SHE WAS OFTEN CALLED THE FAIR HAIRED GODDESS, FOR HER MOST STUNNING FEATURE WAS HER LONG GOLDEN LOCKS. MANY TALES IN FOLKLORE ARE TOLD ABOUT SIF, AND THE FIELDS OF THE RIPENING GRAIN, TOSSED IN WAVES BY THE WARM WINDS OF SUMMER WERE SAID TO BE HER SHINING GOLDEN HAIR; THE DANCING HEADS TO THE CORN, BOWING AND WAVING, WERE SAID TO BE MOVED BY HER FEET AS SHE PASSED OVER THE FIELDS.

IN ONE TALE, WE FIND SIF LYING ASLEEP OUTSIDE OF HER HOUSE; THE TRICKSTER, LOKI, KNOWING HOW MUCH THOR LOVED HER SHINING HAIR, SAW HIS CHANCE TO ENGAGE IN SOME GREAT MISCHIEF. SMILINGLY, HE TOOK HIS SHEARS, AND HE CUT OFF SIF'S HAIR...EVERY SINGLE STRAND OF IT. WHEN SHE AWOKE AND DISCOVERED HER HAIR GONE, SIF WAS DEVASTATED. THOR, EVER THE PROTECTOR OF HIS LOVED ONES, PROCEEDED TO THREATEN LOKI WITH HIS LIFE UNLESS AMENDS WERE MADE. LOKI, THROUGH THE HELP OF THE DARK DWARFS, HAD NEW HAIR FASHIONED FROM GOLD THREAD. THIS LACY WEB OF GOLD MIRACULOUSLY BECAME REAL AND MORE BEAUTIFUL THAN SIF'S OLD HAIR WHEN IT WAS PLACED ON HER HEAD. THE CUTTING AND RESTORATION OF THE GOLDEN HAIR SUGGESTS A REPRESENTATION OF THE CORN HARVEST, A GOLDEN CROP WHICH IS CUT AND GROWS ANEW.

WITH THE MOVEMENT OF POPULATIONS AWAY FROM THE COUNTRYSIDE INTO THE CITIES, WE HAVE LOST TOUCH WITH SIF; YET, EVEN IN RECENT TIMES, THIS BELOVED GODDESS WAS HELD IN RESPECT BY THE FARMING COMMUNITIES WHO PAID HOMAGE TO HER BY THE MAKING OF CORN "DOLLIES AND THE FESTIVAL OF "HARVEST HOME" WHICH, BY THE WAY, WAS ACTUALLY HER FESTIVAL DESPITE ITS CHRISTIAN FACADE.

"MAY THE LADY WATCH OVER AND GUIDE YOU ALL. "
"MAY THE AUTUMN FIND YOU WITH A RICH HARVEST. "
"MAY THE TURNING OF THE YEAR BRING YOU PEACE. "
"WARM BLESSINGS TO YOU ALL."

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Copper Woman  

Posted by Stella Clark

Copper Woman Image
"COPPER WOMAN "WAS THE FIRST MOTHER FOR THE PEOPLE OF THE PACIFIC WEST COAST, AND ALTHOUGH, TECHNICALLY NOT A GODDESS, SHE BELONGS HERE. THE FOLLOWING IS HER STORY.

ACCORDING TO THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST COASTAL PEOPLE, AT ONE TIME, THE WORLD WAS AS IT IS TODAY, BUT THERE WERE NO HUMAN BEINGS. AND THEN THE CREATOR TOOK SHELLS FROM THE SEA AND MINERALS FROM THE ROCKS AND FASHIONED THEM INTO A SKELETON...FOLLOWED BY THE SALT WATER OF THE OCEAN WHICH AS MADE INTO THE BLOOD WHICH RAN THROUGH THE VEINS. THEN, THE CREATOR TOOK HANDFULS OF DIRT AND FASHIONED A BODY OVER THE SKELETON...AND UNDER HER ARMS AND BETWEEN HER LEGS, WAS PLACED A SOFT-SCENTED MOSS. THEN, THE BRAIN WAS ADDED AND THE HEART ORGAN WAS PUT INTO PLACE; SHE WAS GIVEN YES TO SEE...AS WELL AS THE SENSES OF TOUCH, TASTE, SMELL, SIGHT, AND HEARING. AND FINALLY, THE CREATOR TRAPPED THE WIND AND PLACED IT IN HER LUNGS; HENCE, COPPER WOMAN WAS BORN.

COPPER WOMAN LIVED BY THE SEA. SHE WAS ALONE ON EARTH, BUT SHE MANAGED TO FIND FOOD; SHE ENDURED...SURVIVED. SHE SPENT MOST OF HER TIME CATCHING FISH, SPEARING SEALS, AND HUNTING FOR CRABS, BUT ONE DAY, SHE FELT SO LONELY THAT SHE BEGAN TO CRY, AND THE SPIRITS TOLD HER TO SAVE HER SECRETIONS...THEY WERE A SIGN THAT SHE WAS HUMAN...THAT THIS WAS EVIDENCE OF HER OWN MORTALITY...AND BY ACCEPTING THIS, SHE WOULD NEVER FIND HERSELF ALONE AGAIN. THEY ALSO TOLD HER THAT THOSE TIMES WHEN THE SECRETIONS FLOW, SHE SHOULD NOT FEEL SHAME, THAT THOSE TIMES WHEN A WOMAN ANSWERS THE CALL OF THE MOON, THEY ARE HOLY AND SACRED TIMES...A TIME FOR PRAYER AND CONTEMPLATION.

SO, COPPER WOMAN DID AS SHE WAS TOLD AND PLACED HER SECRETIONS INTO A CRAB SHELL, AND THE VERY NEXT MORNING, SHE DISCOVERED THAT IT HAD CHANGED INTO A STRANGE LITTLE WRIGGLING CREATURE...AND EACH DAY, IT GREW A LITTLE MORE UNTIL IT TURNED INTO A HALF HUMAN. IT HAD PINCERS FOR ARMS, A MAN'S PENIS, AND CHEST HAIR. THE CREATURE NEVER SPOKE, BUT SPENT ITS DAYS PLAYING WITH ALL OF THE OTHER SEA CREATURES, AND A NIGHT, IT VISITED COPPER WOMAN IN HER BEACHSIDE HUT TO MAKE LOVE TO HER..AND WITH PAIN AND BLOOD, CAME FORTH A SMALLER VERSION OF HERSELF...AND SHE WAS NEVER ALONE AGAIN.

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Cupid  

Posted by Stella Clark

Cupid Cover
In Roman mythology, Cupid (Latin cupido, meaning "desire") is the god of desire, affection erotic love. He is also known by another one of his Latin names, Amor. He is the son of goddess Venus and god Mars. In popular culture Cupid is frequently shown shooting his bow to inspire romantic love, often as an icon of Valentine's Day. He is now in the current culture the personification of love and courtship in general. For the equivalent deity in Greek mythology, see Eros.

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Goddess Laka  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Laka Image
LAKA is the Hawaiian Goddess of the hula and also of vegetation. She is the daughter of Pele's sister Hi'iaka-i-kapua-'ena'ena, and is married to Lono, God of fertility and peace. Hula dancers often make offerings to Laka before their dance. She is usually depicted wearing something yellow, with flowers in her hair and dancing.

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Xipe Totec  

Posted by Stella Clark

Xipe Totec Cover
In Aztec mythology, Xipe Totec ("our lord the flayed one") was a life-death-rebirth deity, god of agriculture, the west, disease, spring, goldsmiths and the seasons. He flayed himself to give food to humanity, symbolic of the maize seed losing the outer layer of the seed before germination. Without his skin, he was depicted as a golden god.

Annually, slaves were selected as sacrifices to Xipe Totec. These slaves were carefully flayed to produce a nearly whole skin which was then worn by the priests during the fertility rituals that followed the sacrifice. Some accounts indicate that a thigh bone from the sacrifice was defleshed and used by the priest to touch spectators in a fertility blessing. Paintings and several clay figures have been found which illustrate the flaying method and the appearance of priests wearing flayed skins.

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Goddess Dione Done  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Dione Done Image
"DIONE "WAS AN ANCIENT CRETAN GODDESS OF WATER, FERTILITY, AND DIVINATION. SHE IS A MYSTERIOUS FIGURE IN GREEK MYTHOLOGY FOR LITTLE WAS WRITTEN ABOUT HER IN EARLY LITERATURE. IT IS SAID BY SOME THAT SHE WAS ONE OF THE EARLIEST TITANS AND THE DAUGHTER OF "GAIA" AND "OURANOS. " HER NAME LITERALLY MEANS "GODDESS". IN LATER GREEK LEGEND, "DIONE" IS AN "OCEANID," DAUGHTER OF THE OCEAN, THE CONSORT OF "ZEUS", AND THE MOTHER OF "APHRODITE".

Aphrodite threw herself into her mother's lap,

divine Dione, who took her daughter in her arms,

stroked her with her hand, then said:"My dear child,

which of the heavenly gods has done this,

acted so brazenly against you, as if

you'd done something evil in broad daylight?"

--Homer, Iliad--

OTHERS CLAIM THAT "DIONE" WAS AN EARTH AND MOTHER GODDESS WITH A BACKGROUND SIMILAR TO THAT OF "DEMETER". SHE WAS ADORED AT THE ORACULAR SHRINE OF "DADON"A IN "PELASGIAN," GREECE WHERE "DANAAN" PRIESTESSES WORSHIPPED "OAKS "AS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE "GODDESS DIONE..."UNTIL, BY COMMAND OF AN ORACLE," ZEUS" WAS INTRODUCED, WHEN, FOR A TIME, BOTH DIVINITIES WERE WORSHIPPED CONJOINTLY, AND BOTH THEIR EFFIGIES APPEARED ON GREEK COINS. BUT EVENTUALLY" DIONE" WAS ALL BUT FORGOTTEN.

TODAY, "DIONE" IS A MOON OF "SATURN" DISCOVERED BY GIOVANNI CASSINI IN 1684.

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The Hymn To Demeter  

Posted by Stella Clark

The Hymn To Demeter Cover
With the coming of each spring we begin to feel the returning pulse of life all around us. The earth and all that is living upon her is waking from a wintry sleep and is bursting with life. As we walk outside and feel the chill of a beautiful spring morning, look around at the spring flowers blooming, and listen for the birds singing... something special happens to all of us. All of these wonderful sensations have been felt by all of the Goddess's children throughout time. Our ancestors celebrated the turning of the wheel and the coming of spring with many stories and myths that reflect the importance of this time of the year.

One of my personal favorites is the Homeric "Hymn to Demeter". The Homeric "Hymn to Demeter" was originally an oral epic sung to the ancient audience telling of the kidnapping of Persephone by Aidoneus or Hades. I would like to share this myth with you and wish all of you a most wonderful and blessed spring.

Mayfair Lightwind


Many years ago, when the earth was not so old and the Goddesses and Gods walked among mortals, the maiden Persephone, daughter of Demeter, gathered flowers in a meadow. In the meadow there grew a beautiful narcissus. Because of it's great beauty, Persephone approached the plant. When she reached out to pluck the beautiful flower, the earth split asunder and Aidoneus, lord of the underworld, came out and grabbed her. Persephone cried to her father Zeus and to her mother Demeter... yet to no avail. The mountains echoed her cry and a great pain struck Demeter as she heard her child crying.

Demeter sought out her daughter. She searched and searched, yet no one would tell her what had happened to her daughter. Demeter, struck with grief, drank neither ambrosia nor the sweetness of nectar for nine days. This was most unusual, as it is the way of the Goddesses and Gods to drink ambrosia and nectar. On the tenth day of her wandering Demeter met Hecate, who told her of hearing the screams, but could not tell her who had taken Persephone. Demeter said nothing but immediately searched out Helios, who sees the doings of all the Gods and mortals.

Demeter questioned Helios and learned that Aidoneus had taken her daughter. Helios then told Demeter that Zeus, father of Persephone, had allowed his brother Aidoneus to take Persephone as his wife. He continued by telling Demeter that she should be happy, as Aidoneus was a good husband and not an unsuitable son-in-law. Demeter, already filled with grief, lamented all the more for her daughter, and so she shrouded herself in clouds and left Olympus to wander disguised among mortals.

In her wandering, Demeter came to the city of Eleusis and here she found refuge with Queen Metaneria. While residing there, Demeter came to care greatly for the prince Demophon. Desiring to bestow immortal life upon the child, each night she hid him in the fire and fed him the nectar and ambrosia of the Gods. When the queen found out what was going on she was very much frightened. At that moment, the Goddess Demeter revealed herself in all her glory to the mortals. She commanded that they should build a temple dedicated to her worship and instructed them in the secret rituals for her worship.

Demeter stayed in her temple in Eleusis, away form the home of he Goddesses and Gods, for many days as she mourned for her daughter. She caused this time to be the most terrible and oppressive year for humans upon the nourishing earth. Demeter allowed no seed to grow and the fields were plowed in vain. By these deeds, she could have destroyed the mortal race and deprived the Goddesses and Gods of the most glorious sacrifices. Zeus, fearing the loss of sacrifices, sent many an ambassador to summon Demeter, yet she refused to return to Olympos. Demeter told the ambassadors that she would not return to Olympos nor allow the seeds of the earth to grow again until she saw her daughter.

When Zeus heard this, he sent Hermes to lead Persephone out of the underworld. When Persephone learned that she would be returning to see her mother she was overjoyed. However, before she left, Aidoneus gave her a pomegranate and bade her to eat it. Persephone did so, not knowing that Aidoneus had worked magick upon it so that if she ate of it she would be compelled to return to the underworld. In light of this, Zeus decided that Persephone would spend one third of the year with Aidoneus in the darkness of the underworld and the other two thirds with her mother, Demeter.

As a result, each year Persephone returns to the underworld and Demeter mourns for her daughter. All life that is upon the earth retreats and awaits the return of Persephone. Each year we yearn, along with Demeter, for the return of Persephone. As the time approaches, we all smell the air, listen for the birds and look for the blooming flowers....

Blessed Be and Welcome Return Persephone!



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Goddess Nammu  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Nammu Image
NAMMU is the Sumerian Goddess of the primordial sea, creator of all things. She gave birth to An (heaven) and Ki (earth), as well as Enki, the master shaper of the world. She instructed Enki on how to create man, and helped him to form them from clay. Her name is also seen as NAMMA, and epithets for her include "MOTHER OF EVERYTHING", "MOTHER WHO GAVE BIRTH TO HEAVEN AND EARTH", and "PRIMORDIAL MOTHER".

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Qinoa Mama  

Posted by Stella Clark

Qinoa Mama Image
"QUINOA MAMA" WAS A PRE-COLUMBIAN GODDESS OF GRAIN WHO WAS INVOKED BY TH PERUVIAN INCAS AS THE START OF THEIR PLANTING SEASON. THE INCANS CALLED HER MOTHER GRAIN. "QUINOA," A GRAINLIKE SPECIES OF "GOOSEFOOT, "WAS ONE OF THEIR MOST IMPORTANT CROPS; IN FACT, FOR 6,000 YEARS IT HAS BEEN A STAPLE IN THE DIET OF THOSE WHO LIVE IN THE ANDES OF PERU, ECUADOR, AND BOLIVIA.

DURING THE HARVEST OF THE "QUINOA "CROP, GIRLS AND WOMEN MADE SPECIAL DOLLS IN HER HONOR FROM THE LEAVES OF THE PLANT ARE COLLECTED. THE "CORN-DOLLY "IS DRESSED IN TRADITIONAL PERUVIAN COSTUME AND SAVED UNTIL THE FOLLOWING YEAR WHEN IT IS RITUALLY BURNED TO ENSURE A BOUNTIFUL CROP AND HARVEST.


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Goddess Xmucane  

Posted by Stella Clark

Goddess Xmucane Image
XMUCANE (pronounced SHMO-cane) is the Mayan Goddess of time. She and her husband, Xpiacoc, are the grandparents of the Mayan culture, the oldest of all the Mayan Gods. They were involved with the attempts of the Gods to populate the earth. The first men were made from mud, but they disintegrated when it rained. The second attempt was to make men from wood, but they had no minds or souls. Disappointed with their creation, the Gods sent a flood to wash them away. Then Xmucane and Xpiacoc ground corn to make a dough, which the Gods succeeded in fashioning into men. The Mayan culture's view of corn as sacred follows from their belief that it was not only a staple of their diet, but that they were made from it as well.

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Dictionary Of The Gods  

Posted by Stella Clark

Dictionary Of The Gods Cover

Egyptian:

AAH:The Moon God.I notice that the moon is male here just as it is in Sumer and Babylon.Aah is egyptian for Moon.

AMON-RE:This is Re as the "Invisible God".He seems to be all of the Egptian Gods combined into one unified god-head, and was not outwardly worshipped.It simply shows that the Egyptians knew that All was part of one underlying Unity.

AMMUT:The Eater of the Dead.This is the monster that sits within the judgment chamber and devoures those who do not pass the trial.He has the head of a crocodile, the forebody of a leapord, and the hindquarters of a hippopotamus.

ANUBIS:This jackle-headed god is the one who comes to you at death and guides you through the darkness to the judgment chamber.Messenger of the gods.
Son of Osiris and Nephthys.Guardian of the tombs.

ANUKIS:Wife of Khnum.

APIS BULL, THE:God of lust and desire for life.

APOPHIS (ZET):This myth is not really a creation myth, but the energies it involves are the same.It resembles the stories of Lotan, Zu, Asag, and Leviathan.Actually, it is the idea of the day (Re) defeating the night (Typhon).It is also the new year defeating the old.In either case, it is an
"Order from Chaos" type story.Typhon is a serpent god who is an enemy of Re.
Re sends the gods to slay him.They are, of course, successful.In one version of the myth, Seth himsself is the one to kill Apophis each day (which is strange as Seth and Apophis seem to be the same basic god-form:see Seth).

AROUERIS (Horus the Elder):See Horus the Elder.

ATEN (Amon-Re-Harakhti):This God was worshipped by Akhenaten as the "One True God".He had only a brief worship;Akhenaten was not liked for his break from the Atum-Re (see below) cult.However, it would seem that Moses was affected by Akhenaten's ideas as he (Moses) studied the Egyptian mysteries.It seems Aten is the forerunner of Yahweh.Aten is Egyptian for Sun.

ATUM-RE:This is Re as he emerged out of the Nun (Primordial Sea), appointed the Ogdoad (see below) to their proper places in the Heavens, and single-handedly created all in existance.Also, Re is told to have seperated the lovers Geb and Nuit from their lovemaking, setting Nuit as the Sky and Geb as the Earth.

AURAMOOUTH:Daughter of Nuit.Sky-goddess of Water.

BAST:A cat Goddess, and a cat-headed deity.Goddess of occultism and magick.

GEB:This is the Earth God, with Nuit as the Sky Goddess.Thier union brought forth Isis and Osiris, Seth and Nephthys, and Horus the Elder.

HAPI:God of the Nile, and a protection deity of the North, and the small viscerae of the deceased.Son of Horus (see Mestha, Tuamautef, and Qubhsennuf).

HATHOR:This Goddess is a Love/War (Passion) Goddess.She is the Eye of Re (i.e the Sun itself) whome, when angry, even the Gods fear.She can take the form of a Cow or Cat.She also comes to new-born children, in the form of Seven Women, to tell them their destinies.

HORUS THE ELDER (Aroueris):Son of Geb and Nuit, He is a Cosmic Being who's right eye is the Sun and who's left eye is the Moon.If Seth was origonally the New Moon (see Seth), then the story of Seth removing Horus' eye may well be a story of a solar eclipse.

HORUS THE YOUNGER (Heru):The hawk-headed god is the son of Isis and the newly resurected Osiris.He removed Seth from the Throne of Egypt and ruled as successor to his father.He is also the one who leads the soul before Osiris upon passing the Weighing of the Heart.In the battle against Seth, Horus lost an eye and later regained it.This gives us the symbol of the Eye of Horus (see Horus the Elder).

HU:He and his partner Sia are two aspects of the Creative Power of the Gods.

ISIS (Au-Seth):Wife/sister of Osiris.Goddess of Magick and Healing.She is also much like Ishtar/Innana.(See Osiris).The Egyptian Goddess-force.

KHNUM:Lord of barley and wheat, fruit and flowers, birds, fish, and all animals.Created Man on a potters wheel.He lives on the first mound of Earth that rose from the Nun, where the Source of the Nile lies, in a Temple called
"Joy of Life".It is He who opens the flood-gates each year.

KHONSU:Son of Amon and Mut.

MAAT:Goddess of Truth and Justice.Wife of Thoth.She existed before the birth of the gods.(See Hokhmah of the Hebrews).Her symbol is the feather that can be seen on the Judgment Scale.

MESTHA:A god of Protection of the South, and the stomach and large
intestines of the deceased.Son of Horus (see Hapi, Tuamautef, and Qebhsennuf).

MIN:A fertility God.

MUT:Amon's wife.Keep in mind that Amon was fused with Re, and was not the same Deity to begin with.

NEITH:Sky goddess of War and Fire.

NEKHBET:Symbolised as a Vulture.Guardian of Upper Egypt (See Ua-Zit).

NEPHTHYS:Goddess of women.Wife of Seth, and the Dark Twin of Isis.Sister of Osiris.She is also the mother of Anubis.

NUIT:Goddes of Sky and sister/wife of Geb. (See Geb).

NUN:Nun is listed with the Ogdoad.However, I wish to single him out here as it is from him the name of the Primordial Waters was taken.He is the oldest of the Gods.

OGDOAD, THE:This myth is from the mythos where Atum-Re is the Creator God.
There were eight Ogdoad, four frogs and four snakes, who were the Primordial Waters- the Nun.Atum-Re arose from the Nun, and appointed the Ogdoad to their proper places in the Heavens (thus, brought order from chaos).Their names are: Nun and his consort Naunet, Kuk and Kuaket, Huh and Huahet, and Amon and Amaunet.

OSIRIS (Au-Saur):Osiris was eventually merged with Re and seems to be nearly the same deity in many aspects (forming a kind of Divine Loop).He is a God Force with Isis as his Goddess Force.Osiris was probably origonally a fertility god (like Tammuz), but was elevated when associated with Re.
Mythologically, he was origonally a Pharoah who brough civilzation to the people.He is the Egyptian God-force.As the lord of the Underworld, he is Khent-Amenti.(His real name is Au Sar: "exceeding king").

PTAH: This god is a parallel myth to the Atum-Re mythos (see above).Ptah is equated with the Nun (the Egyptian Primordial Waters).In this mythos, Ptah creates Atum-Re and all the other gods, as well as all in existance.Also, patron god of Architechs.

QEBHSENNUF:A god of Protection of the West, and the liver and gall-bladder of the deceased.Son of Horus (see Mestha, Hapi, and Tuamautef).

RE:This is the falcon-headed sun god who is born each morning, grows old by the end of the day, and enters the land of the dead each night.He is Khephira in the morning, Re at midday, and Atum at night.

SATIS:Daughter of Khnum.

SHU:The god of Air and the husband/brother of Tephnuit.Atum-Re fertilized himself and brought this god, and his wife into existance.Shu and Tephnuit's union brought forth Geb and Nuit, the Earth and Sky.Shu was placed, by Re, between Geb and Nuit and he acts as a support to Nuit herself.

SIA:His name means "mind" or "thought".He is most often paired with Hu, and together they are two aspects of the Creative Power of the Gods.

SELKIS:Scorpion Goddess.

SETH:This is the brother of Osiris who destroyed him and dismembered his body in order to take his throne.He is the Dark Serpent aspect of the God.
God of drought and storm, Lord of the Red Land (the desert).In Sanscrit the word "sat" means to destroy by hewing into pieces.In the myth of Osiris...it was Seth who killed Osiris and cut his body into fourteen pieces.But it may be significant that the word "set" is also defined as "queen" or "princess" in Egyptian.Au Set, known as Isis by the Greeks, is defined as "exceeding queen".
In the myth of the combat Seth tries to mate sexually with Horus; this is usually interpreted as being an insult.But the most primitive identity of the figure Seth, who is also closely related to the serpent of darkness known as Zet, and often refered to by classical Greek writers as Typhon, the serpent of the goddess Gaia, may once have been female, or in some way symbolic of the Goddess religion, perhaps related to the Goddess Ua Zit, "Great Serpent", the cobra Goddess of Neolithic times.Lastly, there is a theory that is pure speculation on Seth's battle with Horus.First, we look at Horus as a Solar Deity.Then, we look at Isis as being the Full Moon (as she is the Goddess of Magick).Next, if we consider that Seth was origonally female, then it is easy (or just convenient) to assign him/her to the new moon.Put these together, and the story of Seth attempting to mate with Horus, and then taking his eye, may very well be a story of a solar eclipse (see Horus the Elder).

SOTHIS:Goddess of the dog-star, and of initiation.Isis.

TEPHNUIT:The Goddess of Moisture, wife/sister of Shu.(See Shu).

THOTH:This ibis-headed god is the Scribe of the Gods and the God of Wisdom.
He is the Logos, the Word of Re.He was Self-Created before the Creation.
Husband of Maat.

TUAMAUTEF:A god of Protection of the East, and the heart and lungs of the deceased.Son of Horus (see Mestha, Hapi, and Qebhsennuf).

TUM:It is also a name of Re, usually seen as Atum.

UA ZIT:"Great Serpent"Cobra Goddess, guardian of Lower Egypt (see
Nekhbet
).(Also see Seth for an interesting note).

ZET:See Apophis.

Canaanite:


ANATH:This was a Love and War Goddess, the Venus star.She is also known for slaying the enimies of her brother Baal much in the same way Hathor slaughtered much of mankind (Anath is heavily related to Hathor).After the Defeat of Mavet and Yam, a feast was thrown for Baal.Anath locked everyone inside, and proceeded to slay everyone (as they had all been fickle toward Baal with both Mavet and Yam, as well as Ashtar).Baal stopped her and conveinced her that a reign of peace is what was needed.She also has confronted Mavet and was responsible for Baal's liberation from the underworld.She is the twin sister of Marah.Daughter of Asherah.She is also known as Astarte.Astarte is the Canaanite Name of Ishtar;just as Ishtar is the Babylonian Name of Inanna.In all cases the Name means, simply, "Goddess".Astarte itself translates literally as "She of the Womb".

ARSAY:Daughter of Baal.An underworld Goddess.

ASHERAH:The Mother of the Gods, Qodesh (just like El), Queen of Heaven.She is a goddess of Love and, as Astarte, a War Goddess.She is also an Earth Goddess.Wife of El. (see El).When the gods decided to entreat Yam to ease his reign of tyranny, it was Asherah who went to him and even offered herself.
The gods agreed to let her do this, except for Baal who was enraged at the idea.
(See Baal).Asherah is said to have given birth to seventy gods.

ASHTAR:Possibly a male version of Ishtar (Astarte in Canaan), the Venus Star.When Baal was killed by Mavet, Asherah had Ashtar, her son, placed on the throne.However, Ashtar was not big enough to fill the position, and resigned.
I believe one of his titles is Malik (the King) and other names for him are Abimilki and Milkilu.

ASTARTE:A Name of Anath which means "Goddess", or literally "She of the Womb".Astarte is simply the Canaanite version of the Name Ishtar.

BAAL:He is the Canaanite Ruler God (like Marduk).Baal and Yam-Nahar origonally competed for kingship of the gods.The matter was brought before El, who decided in favour of Yam.Yam then proceeded with a reign of tyranny over the gods, and none of them felt they had the power to defeat Yam.So, they sent Asherah to entreat him to lossen his grip.Asherah even offered herself to Yam.
Upon hearing this, Baal was enraged, and decided to defeat Yam.Yam got wind of Baal's plan and sent messengers to El with the demand that Baal be delivered to him.El, afraid, agreed. Baal then taunted the gods for their cowardice and went to face Yam.He had two weapons made, Yagrush (chaser) and Aymur (driver).
He struck Yam on the chest with Yagrush to no avail.Then he struck him on the forehead with Aymur and fell Yam to the earth.After Yam's defeat, Baal had a palace built for himself;closely resembeling the story of Marduk.It also resembles Marduk's story in that the Primeval Waters threatened the gods, and the High God and others were afraid to face them, with the exception of the soon-to-be Ruler God.The Baal epic then continues to describe his fight against Mavet.Baal is also a Storm God like Marduk, and a fertility god like Tammuz.Dagon is his father.Baal is the Canaanite God-force (the goddess force seems to be split between Anath and Asherah).Baal's proper name is Hadad, relating to his storm-god aspect.Baal is really a title, meaning
"Lord".

DAGON:A vegitation God (especially corn).Father of Baal.

EL: The Father of the Gods, the Creator of Created Things, The Kindly, Kodesh.
Asherah is his wife.He wears bull horns on his helmet.

GAPEN:A messenger of Baal.His name either means Vine or Field.Probably the former.

HADAD:See Baal.

HIRIBI:God of Summer.

HAURON:A God that is related to Ninurta of Mesopotamia and Horus of Egypt.

KOSHAROTH, THE:The Wise Goddesses.These may be somewhat along the lines of the Greek Graces, or the Seven Hathors of Egypt.As we see them, they are called to set up a Wedding.They are also sometimes symbolized as sparrows, which indicated fertility.They were Goddesses of childbirth.

KOSHAR U KHASIS:Craftsman of the Gods.Built the palaces of both Yam-Nahir and Baal.He also fashioned the two clubs that Baal used to defeat Yam.

KOSHARTU:Wife of Koshar.

LEVIATHAN:Another Name for Lotan or Tannin.See Lotan.

LOTAN:This may be another story like Apophis, Zu, Asag, and Leviathan where it is not an actual creation story, but still involves the same energies.On the other hand, it may be some kind of alternate Creation story where Lotan replaces Yam-Nahar.Lotan is a seven headed serpent defeated by Baal with the help of Mavet.Anath also claims a role in the defeat of the Serpent.Also known as Tannin or Leviathan.

MARAH:Merciful Goddess of the Waters.Twin sister of Anath.Daughter of Asherah.

MAVET:God of Death and Sterility.His name means Death.A son of El.
After Baal defeated Yam, he then sent a message to Mavet demanding that he keep his domain in the underworld where he belonged.Mavet was enraged by this and sent a threatening message to Baal, who was afraid and attempted to flatter his way out of it.This, however, was to no avail and Baal was forced to face Mavet.Mavet defeated him and held him in the underworld until Anath tracked him (Mavet) down and defeated him herself.Mavet did not actually die, as he and Baal had to face off once more seven years later.Neither defeated the other, but Mavet did give in (at the command of Shapash) and proclaimed Baal the King of the Gods.

NIKKAL:Consort of Yarikh. (S = Ningal).Goddess of the fruits of the Earth.
Daughter of Hiribi.

PIDRAY:Girl of Light.A daughter or consort of Baal.

QADISH-U-AMRAR:The two messengers of Asherah fused into one God.

RAHMAYA:A goddess impregnated, along with Asherah, by El.The Goddesses then gave birth to the twin gods Shahar and Shalem, though I don't know who gave birth to whom.

RESHEPH:Probably a War God.Lord of the Arrow.Has gazel horns on his helmet.He destroys men in mass by war and plague.He is the porter of the sun Goddess Shepesh (this seems to resemble Khamael of the Hebrews).He is also called Mekal (Annialator).Related to Nergal of Mesopotamia.

SHAHAR:God of dawn.Either a son of Asherah, or of Rohmaya.

SHALEM:God of Dusk.The Contemplation of Day.Either a son of Asherah, or of Rohmaya.

SHAPASH:Sun Goddess.The Torch of the Gods.

SIN:Moon God.

TALLAY:Girl of Rain.A daughter or consort of Baal.

TANNIN:Another Name for Leviathan or Lotan.See Lotan.

UGAR:A messenger of Baal.His name either means Vine or Field, probably the latter.

YAHWEH:Yahweh is added here because there was a short time in which He was simply part of the Canaanite pantheon.When the Khabiru moved into Isra-El, their young Volcano God, known as Yahweh (or "Everflowing"), was accepted as a Son of El.Later, Yahweh was equated with El, and Asherah became His wife.H.

YAM-NAHAR:Yam-Nahar is the Primordial Waters that were defeated by Baal (see Baal and Asherah).His name means Sea-River.He was originally given kingship by El, and ruled as a tyrant over the Gods.Baal finally rose up against him.

YARIKH:Moon God.

Babylonian:"S" indicates a parallel in Sumer.

ADAD:A storm, or weather, god.(See Hadad of Canaan).

ADAR:See Ninib

ANSHAR:"Whole Heaven"He and his wife, Kishar, are the children of Lamu and Lahamu.They are said to be the circular Horizons of the sky and earth.Their union brought forth Ea and Anu.(See Kishar)

ANU:This was the Sky God.S=An

ANUNNAKI, THE:The 50 great gods who deside the destiny of man. S.

ANZU:Deamon who stole the Tablets of Destiny.See Ninurta.

APSU:Tiamat's first husband, symbolising the Sweet Waters (rivers).
Origonally, he and Tiamat (The Salt Waters of the Sea) were intermingled as one, until he was killed by Ea for plotting against the younger gods.

ASUSHUNAMIR:Sexless creature created by Ea to descend into the Underworld and charm Ereshkigal into reviving Ishtar with the Waters of Life.He is Successful.S= Kurgarru, and Kalaturru.

EA (Ia):The Babylonian god of Wisdom and Magick, as well as Earth and Water.
Also called Nudimmud.Also called Enki.Father of Marduk.Atfter he killed Apsu, he built his palace in the Sweet Waters, and called it Apsu.S=Enki (only he was a ruler god and Water God.Ki was the Earth Goddess).In Babylon, Ea replaces the works of Enlil.H= Yah.

ENLIL:Lord Wind or Lord Air, a storm God.God of Air.S.

ENKI:See Ea.

ERESHKIGAL:Queen of the Underworld.S.

ERRA:Also called Nergal.A god of pestilence and war.Husband of
Ereshkigal and King of the Underworld.See Nergal.

GAD:A god of luck and fortune related to the sign of Aries. (There most definately must be link between this god and the Hebrew tribe of Gad, also related to Aries).

GIBIL:A fire god invoked, with two others, against black magick.(See Gira and Nusku)

GIRA:A fire god invoked, with two others, against black magick.(See Gibil and Nusku)

ISHTAR:Wife of Tammuz, Queen of Heavaen.(see Tammuz).She is a Goddess of Love and War.The Venus Star.The Babylonian Goddess-force.S= Inanna.

KI:Earth Goddess, sister/wife of An.Later, mother/wife of Enlil.S.

KISHAR:"Whole Earth"Wife/sister of Anshar.(See Anshar).

LAMU:He and his wife Lahamu are said to be the silt created by the junction of the primeval Waters, the rivers and sea.They are the Children of Apsu and Tiamat.(see Lahamu).

LAHAMU:Wife/sister of Lamu.(See Lamu).

LAMASHTU:Demoness who steals babies from their mothers.A probable source for much of the Hebrew Lilith.

MARDUK:Also known as Bel (The Lord).The son of Ea who defeated Tiamat (because the other gods were afraid to face her), thus destroying Chaos and reigning in Order.He was appointed High God because of this, and he took the Tablets of Destiny from Qingu.He is the Hero of the Gods, and also a storm deity.The story of Marduk is very similar to Baal.Marduk had no real place among the gods until he agreed to defeat Tiamat.Baal, likewise, had no place among the gods until he defeated Yam, and then he had a palace built for himself.S=Nunurta (not a direct relation, but this is probably where Marduk came from).Marduk and his son, Nabu, are, in part, solar deities much like Osiris and Seth.For an explanation, see Nabu.Marduk is related to Jupiter, therefore making him a Wandering God.

MUMMU:This is Apsu's vizier, who was captured by Ea.He symbolised mist and fog.This also happens to be a Name of Marduk.

NABU:Son of Marduk.God of Scribal Art and Wisdom.Marduk is the Lord of the Waxing Year, and his son is the Lord of the Waning Year.I don't know of any mythology dealing with a defeat of Marduk, especially by Nabu.However, there is a ritual involving both of them that embodies the Solar Cycle.At Midsummer (Litha), two minor Goddesses (otherwise known as th hairdressers of Marduk's wife, Sarpanitum[?] ) would go in solomn procession from the Temple of Marduk (The Dayhouse) to the Temple of Nabu (The Nighthouse).At Midwinter (Yule), the two Goddesses would return to the Dayhouse.He is associated with Mercury and is said to be the god of Science, and the guardian of the gods.He supposedly appears as an old man, long of beard, with a crown of one hundred horns, and a long robe.He is one of the Wandering Gods.

Sumerian:


ABU:King of plants (see the Eight children of Ki).

AN:An was the Sky or Heaven God.He and his wife Ki are the children of Nammu.An is the creator of the Anunnaki.

ANUNNAKI, THE:These are the gods created by An, and appointed their positions by Enki.Possibly they are children of An and Ki.There are also the Seven Anunnaki who are the dreaded judges of the underworld.I believe there are supposed to be 50 of them in all.The Anunnaki, and some others who may or may not be Anunnaki, are marked with an "A".A question mark, or course, indicates questionable choices.

ASAG (KUR):Dragon of the Abyss (or Abzu). Daemon of Disease.Asag was not seperated like Tiamat.Instead, he lived within the Abyss *after* creation and held back the Primordial Waters from consuming the Earth.At one point, he kidnapped Ereshkigal, and Enlil went to rescue her.The outcome of the battle is not known.However, we do know that Enlil is the Lord of the Waters, and that he built his home on the Sea.On the other hand, Ereshkigal herself, to this day, is the Queen of the Underworld, as if she remained there.In any case, Asag was not killed for, later, another god decided to destroy him for reasons unknown.This was Ninurta (possibly a model for Marduk).(See Ninurta).The story of Ninurta and Asag seem to parallel the myths of Typhon, Lotan, Zu, and Leviathan.Note:Asag can be thought of as the Abyss itself.
Kur is the name of the Underworld, as well as a name for this Serpent.Perhaps he is also an Anunnaki, but I doubt it.

ASHNAN:The grain goddess.She was created (along with Lahar) by Enlil and Enki so that the Anunnunki would have food to eat and cloths to wear.However, the two gods became drunk and could not perform their duties: it was to remedy this that Man was created.(See Lahar).

BAU:Wife of NInurta (or Ningirsu).

DAZIMUA:Married Ningishzida (see the Eight children of Ki).

DUMUZI:The Sumerian God-force.A sheperd god and fertility god.Husband of Inanna. (see Inanna).It seems he is an Anunnaki.

EIGHT CHILDREN OF KI, THE:(See Abu, Nintul, Ninsutu, Ninkasi, Nazi, Dazimua, Ninti, Enshagag.)The Goddess Uttu, in the paradise of Dilmun, had born 8 plants from her union with Enki.He then proceeded to eat them all.Ki cursed him for this and he became ill.He convinced her to remove her curse, and she created these eight gods of healing, one for each pain he was having, to cure him.There is a punning relation between the names of the gods and the names of the body parts they healed.

EMESH:Summer.He and his brother Enten were created by Enlil.(See Enten).

ENBILULU:God in charge of the Tigris and Euphrates.

ENKI:This was the Water God, and also a lesser ruler under Enlil.It seems Enlil created the world, and Enki was left to run it.Enlil simply resided in his palace and issued blessings.Enki, with Ki, created Man.He is also a God of Wisdom.Also, Enki is just a title.His name is Ea.It is not sure whoes son he is.Also, there was one point when he became jealous of Enlil's superiority over him ,so he took it out on man through the "confusion of tounges".

ENKIMDU:God in charge of farm tools.He was origonally favoured by Inanna for a husband.However, Dumuzi threatened him, and he gave Inanna up.

ENLIL:This was the Air God, and the supreme ruler and creator, son of An and Ki.See Enki.Enlil also took Ki as his wife.God of wisdom and magick.
His name means Lord of the Winds, so he is also a Storm God.

ENSHAGAG:Lord of the Paradise City of Dilmun (see the eight children of Ki).

ENTEN:Winter.He and his brother Emesh were created by Enlil so that the Earth could produce food, animals, etc... (See Emesh).

ERESHKIGAL:Queen of the underworld (Kur), of death, and enemy of Inanna.
All underwold deities are called Chthonic Deities.She is said to be the sister of Inanna, making her the daughter of Nanna.She is defineitly not one of the Seven Chthonic Anunnaki, yet she is still an Anunnaki.Most likely she is the Destructive Forces of Saturn as Inanna is Venus.

GALAS, THE:The demons of the underworld.

GESHTINANNA:Dumuzi's sister.Divine poetress, singer, and interpreter of dreams.

GILGAMESH:A human hero who was later deified.As a psudo-god, he resides in the underworld and organizes it, sending souls to their proper places.He was origonally a Priest-King.

GUGALANNA:This god is mentioned in the myth of the Descent of Inanna.When Neti asks why she has come, Inanna says something about Lord Gugalnna, the husband of Ereshkigal.The text reads:"My older sister, Ereshkigal, Because her husband, the Lord Gugalanna, had been killed to witness the funeral rites
... so be it!"

HAIA:Nidaba's or Nanshe's husband.

IGIGI, THE:It seems that these were very early deities who guide and control every aspect of nature.Either they were not given much promenance later, or they simply were never given much attention.Chances are that these are Angels were the gods are Archangels.

INANNA:The Summerian Goddess-force.Inanna is the daughter of the moon, sister of the sun, and the planet Venus.She was a War Goddess and a Love Goddess.(see Dumuzi).Note on the myth of her descent:the myth of Enlil and Ninlil's descent into the underwold may combined to Inanna's descent.If it is, then we have a full story of the cycle of the god and goddess' descent.

ISHKUR:God in charge of rain and winds

ISIMUD:Messenger of Enki.Has two faces.

KALATURRU:Sexless created created by Enki and given the Food and Water of Life to revive Inanna in the underworld.He was created with another like it: Kurgarru.(see Kurgarru).

KI:She is the Earth Goddess.Also known as Ninhursag, Nintu, or Ninma.
First, she was the wife/sister of An.After she was seperated from him by their son Enlil..."An carried off Heaven, and Enlil carried off Earth.In this she became the mother/wife of Enlil.

KULLA:God in charge of building tools and bricks.

KUR:The Underworld.(See Asag).

KURGARRU:Sexless creature created by Enki and given the Food and Water of Life to revive Innana in the underworld.He was created with another like it: Kalaturru.(see Kalaturru).

LAHAR:The Cattle God.He and Ashnan were created (by Enlil and Enki) so the Anunnaki would have food to eat and clothes to wear.(See Ashnan).

LILITH:A succubis.She is known from a story where she made her home in the trunk of Inanna's Sacred Tree.Anzu made his home in the branches, and a serpent had made it's home in the roots.This infestation had caused the Tree to cease growing.Inanna called upon Gilgamesh to rid the Tree of it's occupants.For this, Inanna gave him his famous Bow.

MARTU:God of the Semites, or Amurru (Amorites), who were still nomadic,
"barbaric" people at the time of Sumer.They later moved into the land of Sumer and conquered it....thus arose Babylonia.

MESLAMTAEA:One of the three underwold gods.These are not part of the Seven Dreaded Anunnaki, as they are children of Enlil and Ninlil.(See Ninazu and
?2).

MUSHDAMMA:In charge of active building.The Builder of Enlil.

NAMMU:The goddess who was the Primordial Waters.

NANNA:The Moon god.Father of Utu and Inanna, as well as all the other planets and stars.Son of Enlil and Ninlil.Enlil had raped Enlil and was sentenced to the Underworld for His crime.Ninlil, however, loved Him and followed Him downward.She gave birth to a number of Underworld Gods, but Enlil was able to remove Her from the underworld before she gave birth to Nanna.
Nanna enters the land of the dead once a month (the New Moon) and judges the dead with his son Utu.Nanna travels the sky in a boat.He is long of beard and carries a wand of lapis lazuli in his palm.

NANSHE:Goddess in charge of Sea.Goddess of Justice.Judges Mankind on NewYears, with Nidaba at her side.Also interprets dreams for the gods.

NAZI:Married Nindar (see the eight children of Ki).

NEDU:See Neti.

NERGAL:King of the Underwold, the Ambusher.A god of pestilence.See
Babylonia.He is a god of War and Mars, and therefore a Wandering God.

NETI:The gatekeeper of the first of seven gates to the underworld.I wonder if this is not one of the seven Chthonic Anunnaki...Also called Nedu.

NIDABA:This goddess was a serpent who was in charge of Temple record keeping.She is also the Goddess of Writing.

NINAZU:One of the three underworld deities.Child of Enlil and Ninlil (from the begetting of Nanna).(See Meslamtaea, and ?2)

NINGAL:Wife of Nanna.

NINHURSAG:See Ki.

NINISINNA:Goddess in charge of Healing and the art of Medicine.

NINKASI:The Goddess who sates the heart; meaning the goddess of intoxicating drink. (see the Eight Children of Ki).

NINKUR:Daughter of Enki and Ninsar.(from the myth of the 8 plants).

NINLIL:Enlil's wife.This Goddess followed Enlil to the underworld after he had been banished there by the Anunnaki for raping her.At this point she was pregnant with Nanna (from the rape).In the underworld she gave birth to the Three Underworld Deities and gave birth to Nanna after she made it back out.

NINSAR:Daughter of Enki and Ki.(from the myth of the 8 plants).

NINSHUBUR:Inanna's messenger.Possibly an Anunnaki?

NINSIKI:Enki's wife.

NINSUTU:Wife of Ninazu (see the Eight children of Ki).

NINTI:Queen of the Month (see the Eight children of Ki).Note:The part of Enki's body that was healed by this goddess was his rib.The Sumerian word for rib is "Ti".Therefore Nin-ti means "lady of the rib".On the other hand, the word "Ti" can also be translated as "to make live".Therefore, Ninti can also mean "lady who brings life".Later, as we all know, Eve was made from Adam's rib.The word Eve (heb.- Havah) also means "to make live".Perhaps, and most likely, the Hebrew myth of Adam's rib comes directly from this myth.However, something was lost in the translation, as Havah has no relation to the Hebrew word for rib.

NINTU:See Ki.

NINTUL:Lord of the city Magon (see the Eight children of Ki).

NINURTA:Hero of the Gods.God of the Stormy South Winds.Possible
pre-cursur to Marduk.This god owned a weapon that was alive.This weapon, Sharur, for some reason, convenced Nunurta to destroy Asag.This he did.
However, once Asag was gone, the Waters rose up and engulfed the Earth.Nothing could grow.So, Nunurta built a stone wall over Asag's body that stopped and held back the Waters.Then he took the Waters that had already engulfed the land and dumped them into the Euphrates.This caused the overflow of the Euphrates, and the land became abundant.Obviously, this is a myth relating to the yearly flooding of the river.Ninurta is the son of Enlil and Ki.Also, as Ningirsu, brother of Nanshe.See Ninurta in Babylon.

NIMUG:Goddess given task by Enki at the time he organized the world, but we don't know what.

NUNGAL:Ereshkigal's daughter.Judge and protector of the Black Heads.

NUSKU:Messenger of Enlil.

SUMUGAN:Enki set him as lord of the steppe lands.He may be one of the Anunnaki, but there is at least one indication that he was created later.

UTU:The Sun God.As he travels through the underworld at night (making it daytime there), he judges the dead.Nanna, as he visits the underworld once each month (at the New Moon), also judges with his son.He travels the sky in a chariot drawn by four mythological beasts.He was set by Enki in charge of cities and bounderies, or (possibly) the entire universe.This would fit as he is the ruling deity just under Enki.Son of Nanna.

UTTU:Daughter of Enki and Ninkur.Goddess of plants and weaving.(from the myth of the 8 plants).

?:"Who loves fish" in charge of marshlands.

?2:One of the three underworld deities..Child of Enlil and Ninlil (from the begetting of Nanna).(See Ninazu and Meslamtaea).

Hebraic: list does not include most Archangels and Angels.H = a Human.

HAARON:Aaron is another of the Seven Sheperds.He balances Moses (Netzach)
as the other Sphere of Prophesy (Hod).Aaron is the brother of Moses.

HABRAHAM:Abraham is one of the Seven Sheperds, and one of the Four Legs of the Throne in the Chariot.He is the Mild, Watery (Chesed) aspect of the Four Legs.Abundant Love.Historically, it is said that Abraham may have been an Amorite who had settled in Sumer before Babylon (also Amorites) conquered it.
He was the first to make a covenatnt with Yahweh (or possibly El of Canaan).

HADAM:This is Adam after Eve was seperated from him.He is the Father of Mankind.(See Eve).

HADAM KADMON:Adam Kadmon is not Primordial as it relates to "before creation".However, his creation marked the Primordial Man.He was both Male and Female in one being, not yet seperated into Adam and Eve.

ADONAI:This means "Lord".However, the word itself is feminine in nature, thus making it similar in nature to Elohim:both male and female.Once again, this name could be thought of as the combined force of Yahweh and Asherah.
This, too, is a very primordial name.

ASHERAH:Asherah is listed here and with the Canaanites.She is the same Goddess, but seems to have been adopted by the Hebrews as the wife of Yahweh and the Manifest Shekinah.The Hebraic Goddess-force.

ASMODEUS:This is the King of the Deamons.There are two types of deamon, the malevolent kind, and those who have accepted the Torah and live in indifference (at best) to man.Asmodeus is the king of these latter deamons, as the malevolent kind have no leader.Samael will often rally the malevolent deamons himself.Asmodeus is also the husband of the Younger Lilith.

AURIEL:The Divine Avenger.In some instances, Auriel is seen as an Angel of Severity and Vengence.Otherwise, she is the Archangel of Earth.Supposedly one of the Seven, yet with her included there are eight.

AZAZEL:An Archangel who descended to earth with Shemhazai.(See Shemhazai).
He taught mortal woen the art of seduction and make-up.When he was told of the coming flood, he refused to repent.For this, he was cast into a pit and covered with darkness, to remain there until the final days.

BEHEMOTH:This beast was set as the King of Beasts.At the "end" of
Creation, he will be sent against Leviathan, and both Creatures will die in the battle.Behemoth will be fed to the pious along with Leviathan.

HDAVID:David is one of the Seven Sheperds, and one of the Four Legs of the Throne in the Chariot.He represents Divinity Manifested in that he is the Founder of the Kingship of Israel.(Malkuth).

EHEIEH:This means "I am".It was the Name given to Moses at the scene of the burning bush.Basically, this name relates more to YHVH, a concept, than it does to Yahweh, a god.

EL:This is another name for Yahweh, usually translated to mean "God".
Undoubtedly this comes from the Canaanite High God El.This name is used in conjunction with the title Shaddai (heb.- Almighty), as well as Chai (heb.-
Living
).Example:Shaddai El Chai = Almighty Living God.

ELOHIM:This means "Gods" and basically relates to a female force enfolded in a male force.Or, a Male God with the ability to Create like a female.This is because the root word here is "Goddess" (Eloah), and the pluaral "im" is masculine.Mythologically, this could be thought of as the combined force of the Seven Archangels as They Created the World in seven days.Elohim is the pronunciation of YHVH for Binah.It should be thought of as leaning more toward the feminine, and is actually a very primordial name.(See Yah).

HESAU:Twin brother of Jacob who sold his brithright for a bowl of soup.
Mythologically, he is the founder of Canaan before the Israelites arrived.He later became an Angel:the Guardian Angel of Edom.

HEVE:This is the second wife of Adam.She is the female half of Adam Kadmon after he was seperated and became Adam.Her name means "Life" and she is the Mother of Mankind.As a point of interest, see Ninti of Sumeria.

GABRIEL:The Strength of Divinity.Gabrael is a Divine messenger and
teacher.He (sometimes a she) is the benign Angel of Death, as well as the ArchAngel of Water.He is lord of the Ashim.One of the Seven.

HANAEL:Divine Grace.The Archangel of Love and Passion.He is Lord of the Elohim.One of the Seven.

HOKHMAH (TORAH):This Goddess' name means "Wisdom".It is said that she was created before all else.In fact, she took part in the dividing of the Primordial Waters (Prov. 8:23, 28).She is equated with the Torah, wich is said to have been created first, and is the embodiment of Wisdom to the Jewish people.(See Maat of the Egyptians).

HISAAC:Isaac is one of the Seven Sheperds, and also one of the Four Legs of the Throne in the Chariot.He is the Fire to his father's Water.Strict Justice (Geburah).The myth of his near-sacrifice at the hand of Abraham was the injection of Divine Severity into Abraham's Mercy (see above).He is Abraham's son.

HJACOB:Jacob was the third Patriarch, and thus is the balancer of his predecessor Abraham (Chesed) and Isaac (Geburah).Mercy (Tiphareth).He is also one of the Seven Sheperds, and one of the Four Legs of the Throne in the Chariot.He is the son of Isaac, and twin brother of Esau.

HJOSEPH:Joseph is one of the Seven Sheperds.He displays the ability to resist the sexual temptation of Yesode.This is displayed in the myth of the Egyptian woman's attempted seduction of him. He is the Keeper of the Covenant to the pure Yahwists.He is the son of Jacob who first went to Egypt and was responsible for the Hebrew presence there.

KHAMAEL:This Archangel is the Archangel of Divine Severity, just as Samael.
In fact, the two angels are one and the same.Classical Qabalah lists Samael as the leader of the Seraphim, but modern Qabalah has replaced the name with Khamael.Further, the Archangel Shemhazai, who hung himself between heaven and earth,is also Samael.This puts him in the perfect postion to fullfill his duties as the Porter of Heaven:Khamael, who resides at the very fringes of Heaven with hundreds of thousands of angels of destruction at his command.His purpose there is to keep intruders from entering the Heavens.He once attempted to stop Moses from entering, but was defeated by the Prophet.One of the Seven.

LAILAH:This Goddess' name is Hebrew for "Night".It was the Darkness mentioned in Gen 1:2, and she was named by Yahweh in Gen 1:5.

LEVANAH:The Moon (goddess).

LEVIATHAN:This could very possibly be related to the ideas of Typhon, Lotan, Zu, and Asag;where it resembles the creation myth, yet is seperate there-from.
In this myth, there are two Leviathan, a male and a female.Once these two beasts are created, to rule the seas, Yahweh decides against letting the female live.Yahweh fears that the offspring of these two great beasts would destroy the world.The female is thusly killed.At the "end" of Creation, the male Leviathan is going to be killed in a battle with Behemoth (the Angels having failed at the task), and his skin will be set as a canopy over the heads of the pious, while his meat is fed to them.Certainly, the relation to this myth and Tiamat's destruction, and the setting of half of her body as the Sky, can be easily seen.Interestingly, Leviathan is thought to be another name for the Canaanite Lotan (See Lotan).

HLILITH:The Hebrew form of Lilith is the first wife of Adam.She refused to bow down to him and left the Garden.She mated with daemons and became the patron Goddess of the Night and all it's creatures.She represnets the subconscious mind, that part of us that is most primal and sexual and defiant.
She is the other half of the submissive Eve.There are two forms of Lilith, the Younger and the Elder.As the younger, she is the wife of Asmodeus (this being when she was in her cave mating with deamons).As the older, she is the wife of Samael (this being when she joined with him in bringing down Adam and Eve from the Garden.

METETRON:The Prince of the Face.This was once the human Enoch, who was permited to ascend to Heaven without dieing.He was transformed into the ArchAngel with 360 eyes and 36 pairs of wings.His palace was set on high and his word was to be followed as if it were the voice of Yahweh HImself.
Personally, I feel that Metetron and Yahweh are synonimous.Metetron is even known as the "Lesser YHVH", and one of his many names is Yahoel, which is Y, H, and V (transliterated as O) with "el" added to the end.Metetron is the lord of the Chaioth haQodesh.

MICHAEL:The Protector of the Divine.He is the High Priest of Heaven and it's main guardian.Seen to be the Guardian Angel of Israel and all of humanity.He is the ArchAngel of Fire, and sometimes a benign Angel of Death.
He is lord of the Malachim.One of the Seven.

HMOSES:Moses is one of the Seven Sheperds, relateing to Netzach.In the case of the Seven Sheperds, Netzach and Hod are Spheres of Prophesy.He is the prophet that lead the Exodus.

RAHAB:This serpent is also much like Tiamat, more so than Tehom.He is described as an Archangel in Hebrew mythos.

RAPHAEL:The Divine Physician.Self explanitory.Raphael is also the
ArchAngel of Air.He is lord of the Beney Elohim.One of the Seven.

RAZIEL:The Divine Scribe.There is a veil in Heaven that seperates the Divine Throne from the angelic hosts.Ratziel stands behind this veil and records all the goings on at the Merkabah into a book.This book, the Book of the Angel Raziel, a book containing all the knowledge of heaven and earth, was given to Adam by Raziel.The other angels,jealous, took the book and cast it into the sea.Yahweh, upon hearing of this transgression, ressurected Rahab to retrieve it for Adam.After this the book fades away.It resurfaces when it is given to Noah because it contains the instructions for the Ark.From there it passed down the family line until it reached Solomon.It is said that Solomon obtained all of his great Wisdom from this book.Another job of Ratziel is to stand before the Merkabah with outstretched wings, lest the breath of the Chaioth haQodesh consume all of the Heavens.He is Lord of the Auphanim.He is also listed as one of the seven, but with his inclusion, and Auriel's, there are nine.

RUACH ELOHIM (SHEKINAH):Ruach Elohim is the Spirit of the Gods, and the Shekinah is the Presence of Divinity.Shekinah is also seen as a Goddess.(Gen
1:2)

SAMAEL:The Poison of Divinity.Samael is the greatest of Angels (excepting Metetron HImself), with twelve wings as opposed to the normal six of the the other ArchAngels.He is the most beautiful angel.He is the main Angel of Death, and is the Archangel of Divine Severity.His angelic order is the Seraphim; the Firey Serpents sent to punish Israel for it's transgressions.He is also the husband of the elder Lilith.See also Khamael and Shemhazai; two other names for Samael.As Khamael, he is one of the seven.

SANDALPHON:She is the twin of Metetron and the Archangel of Earth (as in the physical Universe, as opposed to the Element of Earth like Auriel).It is written that she descended to Earth as the male prophit Elijah as a guardian and protector.She is Ruler of the Kerubim.It is said that She stands at the foot of the Merkabah, and weaves prayers into garlands to rest on Yahweh's head.

SHADDAI:See El.

SHEKINAH:See Ruach Elohim.

SHEMESH:The Sun (god).

SHEMHAZAI:This Archangel, along with Azazel, descended with his angelic host before the flood to steer Man back onto the right path.This order of Angels became known as the Watchers.However, the angels soon fell prey to the same vices as man and began to take wives from the Cainite women.For sex, they would sell the secrets of Heaven to the women.They gave knowledge on everything from making weapons of war, to the Qabalah itself.The offspring of these unions are known as the Nephilim (giants), and were destructive giants that plagued mankind.Others even became the heroes of ancient times (such as Gilgamesh from Sumer).The Flood was then sent to destroy these giants.When told of the news, Shemhazai repented his deeds and hung himself, upside-down, between heaven and earth.To this day, he can be seen there as the consellation Orion.Shemhazai is actually a form of the Archangel Samael.Also see Khamael.

TEHOM:This Goddess' name is Hebrew for "Deep".(Gen. 1:2).She is similar to the Babylonian Tiamat, yet is more along the lines of the Sumerian Nammu.

TZADKIEL:Divine Justice.He is the Archangel of Divine Benevolence, and Lord of the Chashmalim.One of the Seven.

TZAPHKIEL:Divine Contemplation.Lord of the Aralim.One of the Seven.

UZZA:Archangel of Egypt.

YAH:This, in Hebrew, is spelled "YH".This, esetoricaly, is the combination of the Y and H of YHVH.It is where the God and Goddess principals emerge from the Primordial Waters and mate.Literally, it is the Hebrew version of Babylon's Ea (spelled IA- A and H, just like I and Y, are interchangable in this context).It is the Name of Chockmah.In this, it should be thought of as leaning toward the masuline (as opposed to Elohim), and is a primordial name.

YAHWEH:Yahweh is the God Force.Yahweh is also a War God, Storm God, and a Volcano Deity.The name Yahweh itself may be from the Sanscrit "YHVH", meaning
"Ever-Flowing" and thus relates him to volcanic activity.After a short time, Yahweh became the National Deity of Isra-El, and was equated with El of Canaan.
Along with this, He adopted Asherah (the wife of El) as His own wife.Also, the Hebrews seemed to have associated Yahweh with Baal, making the two gods (just as with El and Yahweh) nearly identical.

YAM:Sea God.

YHVH:as differenciated from Yahweh, who was not the only god to the early Hebrews.it is a formula to "sum up" the Ain (Nothingness)- or The One.The Face of Divinity.

ZIZ SHADAI:This mighty beast is the King of Birds.

Hittite:B = Babylonian

ALALUS:Father of Anus.Anus removed him from the throne.

ANUS:Sky God.Removed his father Alalus from the throne, and was, himself, removed by his son Kumarbis.B = Anu.

ARINNA:Sun Goddess.She sent an Eagle out in search of Telepinus.The effort failed.

EA:He resides in the Apsu, just as he does in Babylonia.What he does in the Hittite pantheon I don't know.He is the one who decided on how to defeat Ulikummis, by using the copper knife that was "used to seperate heaven and earth".B.

ENLIL:Enlil also makes a guest appearance in the Ulikummis myth.He saw Ulikummis as a child and told the gods later, after the child had grown to it's great size, that they could not hope to defeat it.

HEBAT:Wife of Teshub.

HANNAHANNAS:Queen of Heaven.She urges Teshub to do something about
Telepinus' disappearance.Teshub went as far as Telepinus' own door, where he banged on the door until he broke his hammer, and thus abandoned the quest.

ILLUYANKAS:A dragon slain by Teshub.There are two versions of this myth.
In the old version, they two gods fight and Illuyankas wins.Teshub" then goes to Inaras for advice, and she devises a trap for the dragon.She goes to him with large quantities of liqure, and entices him to drink his fill.Once drunk, the dragon is bound, and Teshub appears with the other gods and kills him.In the later version, the two gods fight and Teshub, again, loses.Illuyankas then takes Teshub's eyes and heart.Teshub then has a son, who grows and marries Illuyankas' daughter.Teshub tells his son to ask for his eyes and heart as a wedding gift, and it is given.Restored, Teshub goes to face Illuyankas once more.At the point of vanquishing the dragon, Teshub's son finds out about the battle;realizing that he had been used for this purpose.He demaned that his father take him along with Illuyankas, and so Teshub killed them both.

illuyankas's daughter:See Illuyankas.

IMBALURIS:A messenger of Kumarbis.

INARAS:Goddess who set a trap for Illuyankas in the old version of the myth.

IRSIRRA DEITIES, THE:Either the "Maidens of Heaven" or else they are underworld deities.

ISHTAR:Only appears in Hittite myth in an attempt to lull Ulikummis by undressing and singing to him.Her attempt failed as the creature didn't see or hear her.B.

KAMRUSEPAS:Goddess of healing and magick.She calms and purified Telepinus upon his return.

KUMARBIS:The Hittlte High God (like El of the Canaanites), Father of the Gods.Removed his father, Anus, from the throne.In order to keep his son Teshub from removing him from the throne, he made Ulikummis to oppose him.

MUKISANUS:Vizier of Kumarbis.

sea goddess:Kumarbis went to this goddess for advice on how to stop Teshub from taking the throne.Her advice seems to have lead to the creation of Ulikummis.

SHAUSHKA:a Love Goddess.

teshub's son:See Illuyankas.

TELEPINUS:He is like Tammuz, a fertility god.He becomes enraged for reasons unknown and storms off into the stepp lands where he falls asleep.
Draught and famine ensue.He was brought back by a Bee, after extensive searching by the gods had failed.Son of Teshub.

TESHUB:Ruler God (like Baal of the Canaanites), son of Kumarbis.He is also a sun God, and a fertility God.He carries a hammer as a weapon.He defeated Ulikummis with the help of Ea.When Kumarbis first attempted to remove his father, Anus, from the throne, he bit off the Anus' loins in the struggle.
Thus, Anus' seed was implanted within Kumarbis and Teshub was born.

UBELLURIS:This deity is much like the Greek Atlas, who supports the world on his shoulders.Ulikummis was placed on his right shoulder by the Irsirra deities to grow tall and strong.Ubelluris didn't even notice the presence until Ea pointed it out to him.

ULIKUMMIS:Son of Kumarbis.He was made to oppose Teshub.There is also mention that he destoys some of mankind.However, he is actually described as being blind, deaf, and dumb; as well as immobile.He was made of stone and placed on Ubelluris' shoulder to grow.He grew until he reached heaven itself.
When the gods found him, Ishtar removed her clothing and attempted to lull him with music, but he didn't see or hear her (as he was a blind and deaf creature).
The gods attempted to destroy him, but had no affect (he didn't even notice).
Finally, Ea called for the Copper Knife that had been used in the seperation of heaven and earth.He then used the blade to sever Ulikummis from Ubelluris'
shoulder; lopping the creature off at the feet.Teshub was then able to destroy the creature totally.It is interesting to note that this god's name is the same as a pair of twin volcanic mountains in Asia Minor.This may explain why he is said to be destroying mankind, even in his seemingly catatonic state.

Enjoy!;)



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